The 24th International Conference on Philosophy in Literature, Arts and Social Sciences - 2-4 November 2020
Throughout history, philosophy has been synonymous with knowledge and wisdom. However, in the modern age of natural sciences and technology, much has changed. Philosophy no longer assumes the position it once held, when physics, biology, psychology or sociology entailed a philosophical meditation into life. As such, it has become crucial to examine history to uncover the role of philosophy. Within the dominant role natural sciences have assumed, they placed great pressure on philosophy and they restricted its role which consequently led philosophy to search for new domains to preserve its existence.
Subjects which are encompassed by philosophy are strongly related to human interest. However, a new field which become known as human sciences flourished. This field attempted to examine human existence through the use of empirical studies which were usually preserved for the observation of natural sciences. Yet, the disparity between natural sciences and human sciences has raised problems in the field of the human sciences especially in relation to topics and methodologies.
Literature has constantly been influenced by philosophical perceptions as philosophers employed literary genres to express philosophical theories. This was embodied in Socrates' debates with his students in addition to other philosophical works which borrowed its field of knowledge from literary genres. Many philosophers presented their conception in a form that combined narrative style with poetic language especially in post-modern philosophy which focused more specifically on literature because, as a philosophy, it was based on the criticism of many of the rigid intellectual criteria which is prized by philosophical methodologies. Additionally , one cannot disregard the potency of philosophy in the field of criticism and its place in methodological literary criticism as well as the philosophical studies that formed the basis on which modern criticism was built. For criticism, as knowledge, is an accumulative human production which portrays the complexities of human experience.
The question of the influence of philosophy on art remains current as art depends fundamentally on imagination and intuition as opposed to philosophy which depends on thought. How can the two be consolidated? Many people share the view that both art and philosophy share a higher purpose which is to function as a form of expression for the most eminent human productions and the most prominent human demands. Art has predominantly formed the means of understanding humanity.