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Course Description for Department of Arabic Language and Literature


(0110240)  Syntax ( prerequisite 0110101) (3 credit hours)
This course studies a set of fundamental topics such as speech, word formation, syntax verbs, subjects, focusing mainly on syntactic applications, in addition to introducing acclaimed syntacticians as Sibaweih , Zamakhari, etc ... 

 

(0110341) Syntax 2 (prerequisite 0110240) (3 credit hours)
This course is a continuation of syntax. It generally studies the accusative case (objective) focusing on: transitive and intransitive case of verbs and lays great emphasis on exercises. 

 

(0110442) Syntax 3 (prerequisite 0110341((3 credit hours)
This course deals with contentious issues. It introduces the discussions and explanations that kofi and basri scholars held. For this purpose, the course uses two essential textbooks: Magna illadeeb by Ibn Hisham, and Al-insaf Fi Masael Alkhilaf by Ibn Al-Anbari . 

 

(0110243) Linguistics (3 credit hours)
This is an introductory course in linguistics. It introduces students to general linguistics, branches of linguistics, the notion of the phoneme, morpheme, the description of sounds, and the most important western theories beginning with Ferdinand de Saussure and ending with Chomsky, linking these theories with Arabs linguistic heritage: what Al-Jurjani, Ibn Jinni and Al-sikaki said in this respect, particularly stressing intonation and their functional role in syntax and speech. 

 

(0110345) Phonetics (3 credit hours)
It introduces students to phonetics (the Arabic Sound System) and it distinguishes it from phonology and the development of both as aspects of language. It also introduces students to consonants which in turn are voiced and voiceless, long and short respectively. Further, it outlines place of articulation and the change that consonants and vowels undergo as a result of time affecting the spoken and written use of modern language.  

 

(0110484) Applications in Schools of linguistics (3 credit hours)
This course surveys modern schools of linguistics which started in the 19th century, represented by De Saussure and behaviorist American School initiated by Bloomfield, and British contextual-social school by Firth, and finally the transformational generative school by Noan Chomsky . All these modern schools of western thought are linked with the ancient Arabs schoolars’ endeavours . 

 

(0110444) Arabic Philology (3 credit hours)
This course defines the term philology and distinguishes between philology on the one hand, and linguistics, on the other. It surveys the historical development of philology from the Pre-Islamic period to the present, taking into account, dialects, syntax, methods of linguistic syntax, in addition to synonymy, antonym, etc...

 

(0110247) Morphology (3 credit hours)
This course deals with word-formation, the structure of words, processes like prefixation , suflixation, infliction, derivation , masculinity , femininty, duality, plurality, etc…. For this end, it draws on ancient textbooks in the field, e.g. Al-Munsif by Ibn Jinni, Shrh Ash-shfi by Ar-radi, and Al-tawdeeh by Ibn Hisham 

 

(0110248) Science of Prosody (3 credit hours)
This course deals with the science of prosody of Arab poetry created by AL Khalil Bin Ahmad AL Farahedi and identify aims at the poetic prosody measure by analyzing the poetic expression into consonants and the vowel which form the syllables. 

 

(0110250) Arabic Rhetoric (3 credit hours)
This aim of this course is to provide the student with a number of concepts related to Arabic rhetoric and science of literary style which helps him understand and analyze texts and develop his writing and expression tools.  The course includes an introduction to the history of Arabic rhetoric and concentrates on familiarizing the student with the arts of rhetoric (meaning and metaphor) and the concepts related thereto as well as the parts and branches of these arts by studying them in detail through texts and examples that explain these arts and bring them close to learners.The course also includes definition of the most important attempts of renovating rhetoric in modern age and the most significant opinions of rhetoric learners in this field. 

 

(0110290) Quranic Rhetoric (3 credit hours)
This course aims at clarifying the aspects of stylish aesthetics and philological wonder of the Holy Quran underlining the directives and ordinances extracted from the Quranic texts with an applied study of Arabic rhetoric and its effect on the beauty of Quranic picturing. 

 

(0110351) Ancient Arab Literary Criticism (3 credit hours)
This course aims at providing students with three branches of knowledge, the first of which is historic, represented in reviewing the Arab’s critical features since the pre-Islamic age until the beginning of the Abbaside Era. The second is an assorting one represented in defining the trends of Arab literary criticism, and its different schools and factors of its development. The third is an applied one represented in shedding light on major critical issues in ancient Arab literature such as poetic volumes, poetic vandalism, eloquence, meaning, pronunciation writing and prose, truth validity fullness and lying, through selective critical texts. 

 

(0110452) Methods of Modern Literary Criticism (3 credit hours)
This course deals with the history of modern literary criticism and is methods, including, historic, Psychological , aesthetic, social, structural, simulating , fragmental and the like by identifying their intellectual and philosophical origins and their literary fundamentals within their European framework and be cognizant with that part thereof used in modern Arabic criticism with some applications . 

 

(0110452) Methods of Modern Literary Criticism (3 credit hours)
This course aims at acquainting the student with Arabic literature during the pagan (pre- Islamic age, the first and most ancient literary age. Therefore, the study of this course constitutes a solid foundation on which a student build his interaction with Arabic literature in all ages and stages. The course includes an introduction to the concept of paganism and its main features to form a ground on which the analysis of the literary text is based. The introduction also includes a presentation of the most important sources of pre-Islamic literature and definition of the most significant issues raised about the literature of at stage. The course focuses on studying and analyzing literary texts by selecting a set of poetic texts of a number of pre-Islamic poets and an artistic and aesthetic analysis of these texts based on connecting the text with the vision that has yielded it ending up to a conclusion of the artistic features that characterize pre-Islamic poetry and govern the building of pre-Islamic poem. The course is concluded by a study of pre-Islamic prose thereof texts that represent different prose arts including speeches, letters bequests, sayings, proverbs, stories and news. 

 

(0110261) Literature of the early days of Islam and Ommayad Era
The aim of this course is to acquaint the student with literature during the early days of Islamic age (the time of Prophet Hood, first four Caliphs and the Ommayad State). It includes a study about the position of Islam towards literature in general and poetry in particular and also to identify the effect of Islam and its concepts on poetry and prose by analyzing different literary texts. In the aspect of poetry the course emphasizes on studying the new phenomena that emerged in the literature of the early days of Islam such as : The role of poetry in Islamic propagation poetry of conquests as well as the phenomena that emerged in the Ommayad Era such as refutations, openhearted and platonic love poetry, sectarian poetry and political poetry … etc, through poet texts that represent these trends and phenomena , more over developing other prosaic arts ( art of oratory, letters, covenants and conventions … etc). This is in addition to touching the artistic features of these arts and the extent of their evolution in the early days of Islam and the Ommayad Era. The course handles artistic and aesthetic issues that distinguish each art in order to form an integrated picture about the literature of the early days of Islam and the Ommayad Era. 

 

(0110261) Literature of the early days of Islam and Ommayad Era
The aim of this course is to study models of the Abbaside literature that represent the trends prevailing at that time, then to literary analyze these models in a manner that exhibit their artistic characteristics in order to identify the extent to which these models reflect the Abbasside life with its various features and to interconnect the learner with his literary heritage through his dealing with full texts in the most likely place for it . This course concentrates on the following prevailing poetical trends: The entertaining trend, the ascetic trend, sectarian and political poetry, civilized description and keeping abreast with wars. The course also focuses on the following prosaic patterns: Speeches, debates, Divan letters, covenants and conventions and Brotherhood and literary letters. 

 

(0110363) The Abbasside Literature (2) Previous Requirement (0110262) (3 credit hours)
This course aims at imparting a number of knowledge on the student by reviewing the civilization present state of affairs of the second Abbasside Era starting with the Caliphate of Al Mutawakel and ending up with the Caliphate of Al Mustakfi (232-334-AH) It also aims to identify the most important old and novel purposes of poetry, including eulogy, (derision) defamation poem, love poetry, impudence, ascetics, description texts and getting familiar with a group of poets of the era such as Al Buhtori, Ibn Al Romi and Ibn Al Muta’z highlighting their stylish characteristics. This is in addition to identifying the most important prosaic arts at that time such as oratory, knowledge of a group of prose writers of the time and their stylish traits such as Al Jahez, Al souli and Ibn Qutaiba . 

 

(0110364) Literature of Consecutive Ages. (3 credit hours)
This course covers literary characteristics of the Ayoubid Period, Mamluki period, and the Ottomon period. Students will read famous writers of the times and will be familiar with their literary and artistic features through the analysis of selected texts. This course concentrates on the following poetic styles: jihad poetry, poetry, panegyric poetry, social poetry, and historiography poetry. The following aspects will be focused upon: the poetic experience, the structure of a poem, style and language and poetic imagery. The course also deals with the following prose aspects: writing, biography, travel literature, and maqama. In analyzing prose texts, the following is taken into consideration: literary experience, structure of a work of literature (the letter, sermon, maqama), style, language and literary images. 

 

(0110470) Applied Grammar and Morphology. (3 credit hours)
This course aims at providing students with a number of topics that would enable them to speak and write properly. This is achieved through the practice and the application of grammar and morphology in the usage of classical Arabic. The course also deals with topics that are linked to grammar such as sentences, verbs, nouns, tenses, subject, object ... etc, in addition to applications in morphology. 

 

(0110471) Modern Literature (prose). (3 credit hours)
This course aims at familiarizing students with the art of the novel and the short story, their origin and development. It also gives students a glimpse into European fiction and its effect upon the art of fiction in the Arab World. Students will be exposed to the first attempts at fiction writing in the Arab World and will get to know the circumstances that led to writing fiction in the latter part of the Nineteenth Century and the turn of the Twentieth Century. Students will also be aware of the relationship between writing fiction and heritage (maqama, diary and biography). The course also familiarizes students with the mechanisms of writing fiction and its development starting with the traditional novel and ending with experimental works. 

 

(0110488) Applied Syntax and Morphology. (3 credit hours)
This course aims at supplying students with a bunch of subjects to help them loosen up their tongues naturally when speaking and their hands in writing. This aim is reached through some syntactic and morphological applications that help them in using Arabic eloquently. Moreover, this course involves close and necessary subjects for students such as sentences verbs, nouns, and tenses, subject; object … etc in addition to applications in morphology. 

 

(0110112) The Appreciation of a Literary Text. (3 credit hours)
This course aims at developing students’ skills in appreciating a literary text and spotting its artistic elements as well as exploring its lingual content and its aesthetic and ideological aspects through the different literary schools of thought. Students will also practice analyzing literary texts ranging from poetry, fiction to drama. 

 

(0110292) Arab and Islamic History until the end of the Umayyad Period. (3 credit hours)
This course focuses on the political history of the Moslems and Arabs. It also deals with the effects of the civilization and cultural heritage from the late Jahili Period, which Al-Jahiz has prescribed to be 150 years before Islam up until the beginning of the Umayyad Period in 4.H / 641 A.D. The history of the period can be divided into two main parts:• History of the Arabs before Islam: This entails the history of Arab Emirates (Ghasasinah, Monazira and Kinda) in the North of the Arab Peninsula, the nature of their relationship with Rome and Persia on one hand, and with tribes and major commercial Arab centres like Makkah, Medina and Taeif on the other hand. It also incorporates the history of Arab Yemeni tribes South of the peninsula and the nature of their relationship with Persia and Abbysinia in particular, in addition to the famous Arab battles and the nature of the struggle between Christians and Jews in the Arab peninsula during the Jahili Period. • History of the Arabs from Islam to the end of the Ummayad Period: This entails the history of Islam in Mecca and Medina and the battles, invasions and expeditions that took place until the death of the Prophet Mohamad (May prayer and peace be upon him) and the major military expeditions that took place afterwards as well as the political struggles during the reign of the Caliphs and the Ummayads. 

 

(0110293) History of the Muslims and the Arabs during the Abbasid period. (3 credit hours)
The course covers the people’s movement to support the Prophet’s descendents and the start of the Abbasid Period. It also focuses on the various Abbasid leaders, their interior policy towards the Alawi’s, Mowali’s, Arab Baramka, and the Abbasi’s external policy towards Byzantium, Morocco, Andalusia, and the appearance of independent mini-countries as well as the infiltration of the Turks and their effect upon the civilization of the Abbasid Period. 

 

(0110395) Modern Arab History. (3 credit hours)
This course deals with the most important events in the modern and contemporary history of the Arabs in a specific period and a specific geographic location which the department will specify. It will concentrate on the major political and economic events in the Arab World showing the role of liberation movements. Students are asked to do research under supervision in areas such as the Arab Revolution, the start of the Arab League, the Arab nation’s struggle against occupation, the Arab World and World War II, the Arab World after World War II or any other topic the department might specify. 

 

(130110) Quran Sciences (3 credit hours)
This course aims at identifying the students with the Quran literally and idiomatically, the stage of descending, collecting , documenting , punduah , reses that were descended in those that were descended in connecting each sorah or verse for the occasion and events aiming at some more a herence to Quranic texts, familiarizing the students with the process of interpretation and its kinds, and the most crucial books in each department not to mention the difference between the process of explanation and interpretation . 

 

(130221) Prophetical Eloquence (3 credit hours)
This course aims at identifying the students with the importance of prophetical sunah, means of protection for it , its validity in addition to achieving a familiarization with the books of Hadiith and its Men, concept of trustan narration and mean , kinds of narration and authority, the sahabbah and their justice, and presenting a synopsis about the situation in the Hadiith and its reasons. 

 

(0110464) Abyssinian Literature (2). Prerequisite (0110262).
This course aims at exploring aspects of civilization in the second phase of the Abassi Period. It covers the reign of Al Motawakel ending with the reign of Al Mostakfy (232H. - 334 H). It also familiarizes students with modern and traditional aspects of poetry and the poetic genres such as panegyric, satiric, elegiac, erotic, profligacy, ascetic, descriptive etc. through a selection of poems for poets like Al Bohtory, Ibn Alromi and Ibn Almotaz, showing their style and characteristics. In addition, students get to read major prose writings of the period, scanning oratory, exhortatory, statements, debates and letters. They will become familiar with prose-writers of the period and the characteristics of their style, for example, Aljahez, Alwosouly and Ibn Kotaibiyah. 

 

(0110483) Modern Literature. Previous Requirement (0110260). (3 credit hours)
This course aims at familiarizing students with the modern circumstances and factors that led to the rise of a modern poetic movement. Students will be familiar with major poets of the period and their cultural, ideological, and theoretical concepts as well as the characteristics of modern poetry in form, content, and ways of expression. 

 

(0110373) A Special Subject in Modern Literature (3 credit hours)
This course explores distinguished and creative examples of modern literature, namely Arabic novel, biographies, drama and poetry. 

 

(0110384) Language and Literary Research Methods (3 credit hours)
Through this course, students acquire certain cognitive and procedural skills. These include identifying study resources of Arabic literature and their historical importance, comparing and contrasting these resources, quoting, summarizing and footnoting reading, copying and investigating manuscripts. The course also explores literary and linguistic approaches according to historical, social and complementary methods. The course enables students to induct, infer, explain and analyze selected modern passages. It trains them to write a research, taking into account how to define, select, plan, divide and document. 

 

(0110453) Critical Applications in Modern Arabic Literature
This course deals with basic literary genres (poetry, prose and drama) and analyzes their theoretical properties through selected Arabic passages. It compares between Arabic and non Arabic examples of poetry, narrative (prose) and drama. 

 

(0110365) Comparative Literature (3 credit hours)
This course deals with the aspects and historical development of comparative criticism. It focuses on different methods and schools namely, The French, the American, the German and the Russian schools. Students will get familiar with some new terminology like (openness, globalism, subordination, diversity and literary interaction). The course also covers the concepts of “passages migration”, and “intertextualization”. It introduces applied comparison between Arabic, European ad American literary works as poetry, novel, story, and drama. 

 

(0110393) Oriental Language. Hebrew 1 (3 credit hours)
The course teaches some simple language skills: writing and pronunciation of the alphabet, the simple sentence structure besides reading and writing simple sentences and some vocabulary. 

 

(0110494) Oriental Language. Hebrew 2 (3 credit hours)
The course focuses on the grammar of Hebrew, sentence structure, verb tenses and derivation. It also tackles the basics of writing, reading passages and translating them into Arabic It also focuses on listening comprehension and speaking.

 

(0120555) Orient list passages in English (3 credit hours)
The course aims at introducing students to the main historical aspects of orientalism and the impact of the Orient on the West and consequently, the influence of the Orient culture (Arabic, Persian and Indian) on the western thought. By studying various literary passages, students will understand the vocabulary items and terminology of these passages in English. 

 

(0110286) Eloquence and Prosodic Applications (3 credit hours)
This requisite deals with eloquence and the changes inflected on it by contemporary literary criticism. Students practice various aspects of eloquence like semantics, rhetoric and metaphors and distinguish between these by studying old and contemporary literary passages. 

 

(0110364) Schools of Syntax (Grammar) (3 credit hours)
The course introduces the most prominent syntactical schools: al-Basria, al_Koofia, al-Baghdadia, al-Andalusia and al-Misria Schools. It deals with some syntactical issues, ancient and modern concepts of this field, development and attitudes of Grammarians. The course also tackles dialect variations and the impact of these on syntax, word inflections and connotation. 

 

(0110485) A Special Subject in Language (3 credit hours)
The course surveys a book or various chapters which focus on general particular syntactical phenomena. Students will understand these phenomena in the light of different scholars’ point of views. 

 

(0110280) The Arabic Library and Dictionaries (3 credit hours)
This course familiarizes students with the most important literary resources of Arabic heritage to enable them to study the movement and stages of early Arab official writing. For example, Al-mufadaliyat, Al-asmaiyat, and Jamharat Ashaar Al-arab, in addition to hamasa books such as Al-hamasa Al-kubra for Abu Tammam, Buhtory, Al-shujari, Al-Basri and Al-Ubaidi. The course surveys early main literary resources to familiarize students with the literary writing activities, especially in the first and second Abbasid periods. It also aims at familiarizing the students with the early literary criticism movement as represented by tabaqat al-shuara’a (Ibin Sallam) and classifying of poets as represented in Marzabani’s mu’jam al-shuara’a, and Yakuti’s mu’jam al-udaba’d ,and Maqrizi’s nafh al-teeb.