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Course Description for Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering


General Chemistry (1) 0212101

Pre or co-requisites: none, credit hours: 3, compulsory course to the students studying at the faculties of science, Engineering, pharmacy and nursing.

This course involves studying the fundamental theories of chemistry and covers atomic nature of matter, stoichiometry, periodic table, aqueous solutions and concentrations, oxidation – reduction reactions, atomic structure, chemical bonding, law of gases , acids and bases.

Practical General Chemistry 0212102

Pre or co-requisites: General Chemistry 0212101, credit hours: 3, compulsory course to the students studying at the faculties of science, Engineering, pharmacy and nursing.

This course includes experimental study of basic principles and techniques of chemistry such as states of matter, determination of formulas and molecular weights, simple volumetric analysis, heat of reactions, stoichiometry, equilibrium and qualitative analysis.

General Chemistry (2) 0212103

Pre or co-requisites: General Chemistry 0212101, credit hours: 3, Elective course to the students studying at the faculties of science.

This courses introduces the fundamental theories of chemistry, type of forces in compounds, thermodynamic, equilibrium, kinetics and solution properties.

Analytical Chemistry 0212241

Pre or co-requisites: General Chemistry 0212101, credit hours: 3, Compulsory course to the students studying at the Department of Biotechnology.

Introduces the fundamentals of analytical chemistry, such as the concentration expressions and calculations based on chemical stoichiometry. Gravimetrical analysis titrations, acid-base titration curves besides chromatography , spectrophotometry and equilibrium principles.

Organic Chemistry  0212243

Pre or co-requisites: General Chemistry 0212101, credit hours: 2 theoretical and 1 practical, Compulsory course to the students studying at the Department of Biotechnology.

Introduces the fundamental concepts of hydrocarbons (alkanes , alkenes and alkynes), alkyl halides and alcohols. nomenclature, properties and their reactions. Particular emphasis is placed on the substitution, elimination reaction mechanisms and stereochemistry.  

General Biology (1) 0240101

Pre or co-requisites: none, credit hours: 3, compulsory course to the students studying at the faculties of science, pharmacy and nursing.

This course involves studying the major concepts of biology including, the organic and inorganic makeup of living organisms, the structural and functional basics of the cell, metabolism and conversion of energy in respiration and photosynthesis, cell division and DNA replication, transcription and translation. In addition, the course covers the basic principles of Mendelian genetics, hereditary, and regulatory mechanisms of these processes.

General Biology Lab (1)  0240106

Pre or co-requisites: General Biology (1) 0240101, credit hours: 1, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves learning and practicing the basic skills of using the compound and stereo microscopes, study of plant and animal cells and tissues, chemical and physical characteristics of macromolecules, cellular respiration, enzymatic activities and cellular replication.

General Biology (2)  0240107

Pre or co-requisites: General Biology (1) 0240101, credit hours: 3, compulsory course to  Biotechnology students.

This course involves studying the fundamental principles of plant and animal anatomy and physiology. The first part of the course covers topics in transfer of water and other organic metabolites throughout the plant system, reproduction in angiosperms and plant hormones and their functions. Whereas, the second part includes topics in animal nutrition; circulation and gas exchange; body defense; controlling the internal environment; chemical signals in animals; animal reproduction and nervous system.

General Biology Lab (2) 0240108

Pre or co-requisites: General Biology (2) 0240107, credit hours: 1, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves studying models and preserved slides as examples of biodiversity on Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae and Animalia. In addition to the anatomy of plant parts and animal vital organs including respiratory, digestive, reproductive, urinary and circular systems.

Microbiology  0240216 

Pre or co-requisites: General Biology (2) 0240107, credit hours: 3, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course introduces the students to the microbial world, diversity of prokaryotes, their development, structure and function, prokaryotic metabolism, nutrition and growth. microbial genetics and control. In addition to the fundamental principles of the interrelationships of microorganisms and man, and their role in the environment.

Microbiology Lab  0240217

Pre or co-requisites: Microbiology 0240216, credit hours: 1, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves training the students on the fundamental concepts and applications necessary to handle and identify different types of microbes including culturing of aerobes, anaerobes and facultative anaerobes.

Genetics 0240231

Pre or co-requisites: General Biology (2) 0240107, credit hours: 3, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves introducing the students to the basic principles of classical Mendelian and molecular genetics. The course covers a detailed description of the structure and function of nucleic acids including their replication, duplication and regulation with emphasis on genetic diseases, mutations, and genetic engineering and its applications.

Genetics Lab 0240232

Pre or co-requisites: Genetics 0240231, credit hours: 1, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves studying cellular mitotic and meiotic divisions using preserved slides. In addition to the Mendelian genetics using Drosophila and corn as model systems, isolation & characterization of DNA, Bar bodies, mutagenesis and tests used to detect mutagens. 

Cell Biology 0240233 

Pre or co-requisites: General Biology 0240107, credit hours: 3, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves studying the function and structure of different cellular organelles and biological membranes, factors affecting inter and intra transport, endomembrane system components, vital functions, and communication between cells. In addition to the basics in cytoskeleton and the biology of cancer cells and their metastasis in the human body. 

Human Genetics 0240234

Pre or co-requisites: Genetics 0240231, credit hours: 2, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.  

The course includes Mendelian and non-Mendelian inheritance of genetic diseases. Genotype/phenotype relationship, allelic and non-allelic heterogeneity, molecular analysis of mutations, biochemical and molecular diagnosis and genetic counseling, review of human disorders with emphasis on prevalent genetic diseases in our area.

Introduction to Biotechnology and Genetic engineering 0240281

Pre or co-requisites: 0240281, credit hours: 2, compulsory course to the students of Biotechnology.

The course covers the definitions and principles of recombinant DNA technology, molecular techniques and applications of biotechnology and genetic engineering; it surveys the latest applications in medical diagnosis and therapy, agriculture, microbial and environmental biotechnology, industry, , pharmaceutics, and biomedical fields.

Plant Biotechnology 0240322

Pre or co-requisites: Introduction to Biotechnology 0240281, credit hours: 3, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

The course provide the students with an overview of the different techniques used in plant tissue culture and Micropropagation, transformation methods of plants and production of genetically manipulated plants, pathogen and herbicide tolerance, Improved nutritional content and functional foods, Phytoremediation, Plants as green factories: production of plastics, fats/oils, fibers, proteins and biofuels  In addition to the issues/challenges like possible environmental interactions and contamination of the original plant species.

Plant Tissue Culture 0240323

Pre or co-requisites: Plant biotechnology 0240322, credit hours: 1, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves studying the theoretical basics of plant tissue culture and its applications in Micropropagation using different explants. The students will be trained to prepare different media and study the effects of growth regulators (type and concentration) and different environmental factors on the growth, differentiation of cells and embryogenesis. In addition to the use of some molecular and biochemical analyses that should be necessary to learn in plant biotechnology.

Cytogenetics 0240335

Pre or co-requisites: Human Genetics 0240234, credit hours: 1, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves studying the chromosomes, establishing pedigrees and analysis of predisposition factors. The course will focus on the prenatal diagnosis of some cases with mental retardation and multiple birth defects in patients with abnormal sexual development, in addition to some cases of infertility, multiple miscarriages, patients with malignancies and hematologic disorders. The students will be trained to analyze data and handle the essential elements of genetic counseling and the related bioethical issues.

Cytogenetics lab 0240336

Pre or co-requisites: Cytogenetics 0240235, credit hours: 1, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves training the students to analyze, screen, distinguish and classify   chromosomes prepared from human blood samples using compound light microscopes (Karyotyping), and learn the chromosomal abnormalities nomenclature(ISCN). In addition to using  Fluorescence in situ Hybridization (FISH, a molecular cytogenetic technique) to detect chromosomal abnormalities.

Immunology 0240337

Pre or co-requisites: Cell Biology 0240233, credit hours: 3, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves studying the innate and acquired immune responses including humoral and cellular immunity, antibody structure and function as well as the interactions between antigen and antibody. In addition, the classes and role of cytokines in the immune response as well as B and T cell development and differentiation are covered. Students will be familiar with Immunoregulation, immunodificiences as well as examples on autoimmune diseases of humoral and cellular etiology. They will also study advanced techniques in the diagnosis of infectious and autoimmune diseases. The role of the immune system in the control and prevention of cancer development will be also covered.

Immunology lab 0240338

Pre or co-requisites: Immunology 0240337, credit hours: 1, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves training students on the  production of monoclonal antibodies, and some diagnostic immunoassays like  enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), immunoprecipitation and flow cytometry.

Biochemistry 0240343.

Pre or co-requisites: Organic Chemistry 0212243 and Cell Biology 0240233, credit hours: 3, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves studying the  basic concepts in the relationship between structure and biological functions of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, vitamins, and coenzymes.  In addition to the  various biochemical processes responsible for the formation, breakdown and interconversion of these organic molecules in living organisms.

Biochemistry Lab  0240344

Pre or co-requisites: Biochemistry 0240343, credit hours: 1, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves training the students to use the basic biochemistry lab instruments, equipment and techniques in the isolation, identification and quantification of biologically important chemical compounds.

Environmental biotechnology 0240352

Pre or co-requisites: Microbiology 0240216, credit hours: 2 theoretical and 1 practical, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves studying the methods of protecting and treating the ecosystem from different pollutants using natural or genetically modified organisms like microbes to improve environmental quality like treating contaminated waters and wastewaters, clean up of industrial waste streams, and remediation of soils contaminated with hazardous and toxic chemicals.

Molecular Biology 0240386 

Pre or co-requisites: Cell Biology 0240233, credit hours: 3, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves studying the basic principles of molecular biology including; constructing, characterizing and manipulating recombinant molecules, DNA replication, duplication and translation into proteins, gene expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes and vectors used in cloning techniques.

Molecular Biology lab 0240387

Pre or co-requisites: Molecular Biology 0240386, credit hours: 1, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves studying the basic techniques and tools used in molecular biology such as isolation, restriction digestion and manipulation of nucleic acids, construction of recombinant DNA and transformation of cells, in addition to the identification of positive clones using different varieties of molecular techniques such as PCR.

Entrepreneurship in Biotechnology 0240391

Pre or co-requisites: Successfully completing 60 credit hours , credit hours: 2, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves studying the basic concepts of establishing new enterprises and the regulatory challenges facing the commercialization of biotechnology. The interdisciplinary foundation obtained through the course will help students to analyze and evaluate the innovative ideas of some successful leaderships in different sectors of biotechnology industry.

Microbial biotechnology 0240417

Pre or co-requisites: Microbiology 0240216, credit hours: 2 theoretical and 1 practical, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves studying the fundamentals of bacterial genetics and techniques for the production of genetically modified microbes used in pharmaceutics, medicine, food indistery , Agriculture, environmental bioremediation including treatment of polluted water, wastewater and industrial wastes.

Hematology 0240439

Pre or co-requisites: Immunology 0240337, credit hours: 3, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves studying  the blood components with emphasis on red and white blood cells;  their development and functions. The hematological disorders including the types of anemia, leukemia and lymphomas will be studied. Blood clotting (coagulation) system will be introduced as well as the abnormal conditions. The students will study and practice the most recent techniques in the field. Not to forget the Blood Bank and the techniques that are practiced there for safe blood transfusion.

Pharmaceutical Biotechnology 0240441

Pre or co-requisites: Biochemistry 0240343, credit hours: 3, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves studying the application of biotechnology and genetic engineering in medicine and pharmaceutics including recombinant proteins, hormones and vaccines. The students will study the techniques of identification and isolation, designing transgenes and biotic and abiotic methods of transformation.

Proteomics and Protein Technology 0240448

Pre or co-requisites: Biochemistry 0240343 and Molecular Biology 0240386, credit hours: 3, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involve studying the current and newly emerging technologies in expressing and preparing proteins using bacteria or tissue culture technology. Construction of 3-dimensional structures of proteins, determination of active and functional sites with emphasis on studying enzymes and antibodies

Bioinformatics 0240462

Pre or co-requisites: Genetics 0240231  and cytogenetics 0240235, credit hours: 2  theoretical and 1 practical , compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves studying the modern theories and practices of bioinformatics via a series of integrated lectures and labs. Using multiple approaches of online available data banks, the students will learn to analyze and interpret information from proteome and genome sequences including gene expression, gene annotation, protein structure and modeling and phylogenetic trees, with an emphasis on human genome, human genetically inherited disorders and the construction and analysis of the associated genetic maps.

Animal Biotechnology 0240471

Pre or co-requisites: Molecular Biology ٠240386, credit hours: 3,  compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves studying the applications of biotechnology in the production of genetically modified organisms to increase the efficiency of bioconversion of  feed and forage  to increase the animal's productivity. In addition to studying the techniques of improving the reproductive capacity and resistance to diseases through the use of IVF, sexual hormones and biomarkers

Animal Tissue Culture Lab 0240472

Pre or co-requisites: Animal Biotechnology 0240471, credit hours: 1, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves studying the theory, standard practices, and methodologies of animal cell culture like sterile technique, media preparation, cell counting, maintenance and storage of cell lines.

Applied Molecular Biology 0240484

Pre or co-requisites: Molecular Biology 0240386, credit hours: 3, compulsory course to the .Biotechnology students

The course will cover some of the techniques used in molecular biology such as PCR use and the related technologies in diagnosis, ways and means of delivering genes, DNA chip development and new technologies for mutation detection.

Applied Molecular Lab 0240485

Pre or co-requisites: Applied molecular Biology 0240485, credit hours: 1, compulsory course to the .Biotechnology student

This course  involves studying some selected basic methods in the purification of biological macromolecules like Protein and RNA from mammalian tissues or cell lines, separation of macromolecules by applying vertical SDS PAGE, and electrical transfer for immunobltting. Furthermore, demonstrate Real-time PCR and RT- PCR techniques to emphasize the crucial role of those techniques in Biotechnology and other related disciplines.

Quality Control and Lab Management 0240490

Pre or co-requisites: Successfully completing 60 credit hours , credit hours: 1, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves studying the basic principles needed to establish specialized labs  in biotechnology, medical analysis and research in terms of infrastructure, equipment and personnel. In addition to the emphasis on the role of efficient administration in following standard  steps in quality and assurance to make the vision and mission of the facility come true.

Ethics in Biotechnology 0240491

Pre or co-requisites: Successfully completing 60 credit hours , credit hours: 1, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves studying different cases in which moral dilemmas were created or intensified by the recent advances in biotechnology and it's applications. The course will focus on examples such as assisted reproductive technology,   abortion,  genetic screening of inherited diseases, engineering and production of GMOs, and research ethics to ensure human, animal, plant and environment safety

Field Training in Biotechnology  0240494

Pre or co-requisites: Successfully completing 60 credit hours , credit hours:3, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

The Department /student will contact  institutions in the private and public sectors in order to make a schedule for student training in specialized related areas, such as; hospitals, in vitro fertilization units, food and pharmaceutical industries, and environment control facilities. The duration of such training will be 8 weeks(100 hours)

Special Topics 0240495

re or co-requisites: Department approval, credit hours: 2 theory and 1 practical, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves studying some selected topics in biotechnology and genetic angineering after  the department approval on the course outline

Research Graduation Project 0240499

Pre or co-requisites: Department approval , credit hours:3, compulsory course to the Biotechnology students.

This course involves training the students on the use of periodicals, design and conduct a small project in biotechnology and/or related field under the supervision of one of the staff members. The student will write a proposal initially and short progress reports through the course of experimental work. Upon the completion, the student will submit a report on his/her findings and present it in a presentation.