86
Thesis Title: A Systemic Functional Grammar Analysis of Transitivity Patterns
Author: Hanan Mwafaq Al Mashaqbah, Supervisor: Dr. Suleiman Al Haj and Dr. Khalil Nofal, Year: 2009
Faculty: Arts, Department: English Language and Literature

Abstract: The aim of this study is to investigate the linguistic structures that are used by E.M. Forster in his A Passage to India to realize what Halliday calls the "ideational" function of language, i.e. the "transitivity system". This thesis seeks to reveal how the author reflects and represents the main characters' worldviews in the novel through the linguistic structure. The 'Transitivity' patterns within Halliday's model of Systemic Functional Grammar were presented and used in the study as an analytical framework to see how the selection of certain linguistic options realizes and encodes the main characters' worldviews or ideologies. The analysis focuses on the three main processes within the transitivity system i.e. Material, Mental and Relational, among other minor ones: Behavioural, Existential, and Verbal. The systemic functional analysis of the three main characters in Forster's A Passage to India has revealed that this analysis is a very important tool to uncover the meaning potentials that are embedded in the syntactic structures of the language used in the novel. Moreover, through the analysis, the researcher managed to prove that there is a correlation between the transitivity patterns and the three main characters' worldviews (Dr. Aziz, Mrs. Moore, and Mr. Fielding). Finally, this analysis could be used to uncover the transitivity patterns in other English novels or literary works. Moreover, any upcoming research can be dedicated to studying the functional framework in the Arabic literature.


87
Thesis Title: A Socio Linguistic Study of Student Graffiti Writings in UNRWA Schools, Jordan
Author: Omar Abdullah Al-Haj Eid, Supervisor: Dr. Abdul- Jabbar Musaafir, Year: 2009
Faculty: Arts, Department: English Language and Literature

Abstract: The study aims at investigating student graffiti-writings in UNRWA schools, Jordan, from a sociolinguistic perspective particularly in relation to the fourteen language functions expressed in the present research of subjects' graffiti-writings. In addition, the study examines some linguistic (phonological, lexical and syntactic) features of student graffiti- writings. A total of (2863) texts have been collected from (21) urban, camp and rural elementary and preparatory schools during April 2007 to February 2008. Different variables have been taken into consideration such as standardness and nonstandardness, gender differences, geographical location, age and surface. The data analysis has shown that student graffiti- writings are functional, fulfilling fourteen language functions reported in a descended order from the most to the least frequent language function. The analysis shows that expressing patriotism is the most frequent language function constituting 12.4% of the overall number of texts in the examined data, whereas leaving memoirs is the least frequent language function making up 1.3% of the total percentage. The analysis has also shown that 67.6% of the total amount of the student graffiti-writings is done by male students compared with 42.4% for female students. The study has proved that female students show greater tendency to approximate towards standard Arabic than do male students. Standard Arabic forms used by elementary students amount to 88.1%. The texts written on school building asset record the highest frequency of occurrence representing 54.3% compared with bathrooms 29, 7% and surrounding walls 16% of the total number of the texts in the examined corpus. The amount of graffiti reported in camps exceeds these of rural and urban schools forming 39.4% compared with 35.2% and 25.4% for rural and urban areas respectively. The amount of taboo words and swearwords reported by male students outnumber female students’ revealing that female students show more politeness than do male students. The linguistic analysis of data shows that simplicity is a salient linguistic feature of student graffiti-writings. Students are prone to use simple sentences as this type of sentence is not time-consuming. This is, evidently, an expected feature, taking the surrounding circumstances into consideration. The use of statement type is also a salient attribute due to its informative nature. Alliteration and rhyming are used by the subjects of the study as attention-getting devices. Finally, the study recommends that further studies be conducted on stylistic and textual features of graffiti-writings in Jordan in general and in other Jordanian educational institutions in particular.

Keywords: Student, Graffiti, Sociolinguistic, Writing, UNRWA, Schools, Age, Gender Differences, Geographical Location, Taboo Words, Swearwords

88
Thesis Title: A Socio Linguistic Study of Oaths Produced By Interlocutors in Jordan
Author: Abdelbaset Abdallah Hussein, Supervisor: Prof. Mohammad Awwad, Year: 2008
Faculty: Arts, Department: English Language and Literature

Abstract: This sociolinguistic study aims at investigating the oath expressions used by Jordanians. It examines the linguistic functions the oaths represent besides the objects sworn by in addition to the phonological, lexical and syntactic features they stand for. The sample of the study consisted of (600) oath expressions collected from different places in North Jordan. Different variables have been taken into consideration such as gender, geographical location, age and degree of formality. The study revealed that oath making achieved four linguistic functions among which emphasis represented more than (50%) whereas humiliation represented lesser than (8%). The study unveils also that females were more polite than males concerning the language functions. Thirteen percent of the total number of the collected data, (78) oaths, represent social and sexual taboos. This component showed that females were more polite compared with males. In addition, among the objects sworn by, the oath words which stand for religion constituted more than (50%) whereas swearing by animals formed the smallest number of the oaths. Moreover, people who occupy prominent jobs did not use nonsensical expressions and used the least number of oaths. On the contrary, school children, university students and laborers, who hit the highest point of using oaths, recorded the uppermost percentage of using taboo expressions. As a final point, the study gave an idea about the degree of formality where (92%) of the oath expressions took place in informal situations.


89
Thesis Title: Feminism in Ahdaf Soueif’s Fiction
Author: Adnan Abdullah Al-Rimawi, Supervisor: Prof. Tarek Musleh, Year: 2008
Faculty: Arts, Department: English Language and Literature

Abstract: The aim of this study is to introduce an English female writer and feminist of Arab origin called Ahdaf Soueif. The study is divided into an introduction followed by five chapters, a conclusion, a glossary of feminist related terms and a list of references. The introduction gives a definition of feminism and a brief history of this movement. The following chapters present a critical study of Soueif’s short stories, novels and essays, aiming at finding the feminist concerns in each one. Chapter five differs from the other chapters ion the sense that it presents a number of women writers talking about women’s concerns in the Arab and Muslim world in particular. The glossary consists of a number of terms I selected and paraphrased from Sarah Gamble’s Feminism and Post feminism, which gives a wider vision of feminism such as its main objectives and movements. It is necessary to high light two important points in this study. First, I felt that it was important to express my opinion and to show my stand wherever necessary. Second, I selected from each short story or novel the incidents or scenes that were necessary to lead to the feminist concern addressed here and there leaving out any irrelevant details.


90
Thesis Title: Variability Modelling in Divide and Conquer Method
Author: Ahmad Fouaad AL-Jassim AL-Sultan, Supervisor: Prof. Said Ghoul, Year: 2014
Faculty: Information Technology, Department: Computer Science

Abstract: Divide and Conquer (D and C) is a very broad problem solving pattern, used in several areas: mathematics, computer science, physics, engineering, etc. Consequently it constitutes an active topic for varied researches. Some researches deal with the approach enhancements (parallelization, distribution, adaptation, etc.). Others deal with its application to solve various problems in different application domains and its evaluation. But despite this active and intense research, until now: (1) no general D and C method variability meta model, that covers several classes of problems in different domains, (2) no formal methodology supporting this variability, (3) no formal problem specific variation selection and instantiation process, and (4) no modelling languages suitable features have been proposed. However, rare patterns for specific problems were developed. Developing a broad divide and conquer pattern requires the application of abstraction techniques where the Meta modelling is the best candidate. Its intensive and continuous enhancement researches, power, broad use, and formalization capacities with its supporting languages like the Unified Modelling Language (UML) and Feature Diagram (FD), make it an effective model at the top rank. This thesis, aims to overcome the above four D and C researches insufficiencies by proposing a rich and general D&C method development methodology based on variability modelling in D&C method and on a formal variation selection and instantiation process. Obtained result states clearly the suitability of FD formalism instead of UML for this kind of Meta modelling and identifies UML possible enhancement that may generalize it to support methods variability Meta modelling.

Keywords: Divide and Conquer (D and C), Unified Modelling Language (UML), Feature Diagram (FD), Meta Modelling