1
Research Title: modelling and synthesis use of linear programming to generate tool paths for milling
Author: Hasan Abdel-Razzaq Al Dabbas, Published Year: 2024
Third International conference of Reliability of Engineering and Smart Energy (ICRESE), Istanbul
Faculty: Engineering and Technology

Abstract: The motion transmitted by a machine to both a tool and a workpiece being shaped, can be expressed by means of the fundamental kinematic cutting schemes [1, 8, 9 ]. As per the conventional fundamental kinematic cutting scheme, the movement of cutting elements of the tool relative to the surfaces of the workpiece being cut follows a path relative to working motion at speeds, predetermined by relations: the tool (T)–the workpiece (D). When cutting the workpieces of any form in the simplest and shortest way possible the kinematics of cutting are represented as a combination of two basic motions: linear (straight line) and rotary [1]. In this case, both can be either primary or feeding, which is factored into different classifications of fundamental kinematic cutting schemes for cutting simple and complex shapes [1, 2, 8, 9].

Keywords: Modelling , Linear programming ,Milling ,kinematic cutting

2
Research Title: Novel anthraquinone amide derivatives as potential glyoxalase-I inhibitors
Author: Soha Telfah, Published Year: 2024
JOURNAL of MEDICINE and LIFE, 17
Faculty: Pharmacy

Abstract: This study aimed to identify novel Glyoxalase-I (Glo-I) inhibitors with potential anticancer properties, focusing on anthraquinone amide-based derivatives. We synthesized a series of these derivatives and conducted in silico docking studies to predict their binding interactions with Glo-I. In vitro assessments were performed to evaluate the anti-Glo-I activity of the synthesized compounds. A comprehensive structure-activity relationship (SAR) analysis identified key features responsible for specific binding affinities of anthraquinone amide-based derivatives to Glo-I. Additionally, a 100 ns molecular dynamics simulation assessed the stability of the most potent compound compared to a co-crystallized ligand. Compound MQ3 demonstrated a remarkable inhibitory effect against Glo-I, with an IC50 concentration of 1.45 μM. The inhibitory potency of MQ3 may be attributed to the catechol ring, amide functional group, and anthraquinone moiety, collectively contributing to a strong binding affinity with Glo-I. Anthraquinone amide-based derivatives exhibit substantial potential as Glo-I inhibitors with prospective anticancer activity. The exceptional inhibitory efficacy of compound MQ3 indicates its potential as an effective anticancer agent. These findings underscore the significance of anthraquinone amide-based derivatives as a novel class of compounds for cancer therapy, supporting further research and advancements in targeting the Glo-I enzyme to combat cancer.

Keywords: Glyoxalase-I, anthraquinone amide derivatives, zinc-binding group, molecular docking, CDOCKER, molecular dynamics, pharmacokinetics

3
Research Title: Lower Respiratory Infections in Children With Febrile Neutropenic Leukemia: A Case in a Jordanian Hospital
Author: Nabil Nimer, Published Year: 2023
Clinical Pediatrics, 62 (11) 1342-1349
Faculty: Pharmacy

Abstract: The study aimed to examine the prevalence of pneumonia in pediatric children diagnosed with leukemia at King Hussein Medical Center, Royal Medical Services, Amman, Jordan. The study was conducted from January 2019 to March 2020. A total of 100 hospitalized leukemia patients with febrile neutropenic episodes were evaluated for the presence of pneumonia. Samples were collected from all patients and tested for microbial growth. Univariate analysis revealed that age (P = .033) and packed cell volume (P = .006) were statistically significant risk factors, associated with the prevalence of pneumonia in leukemia patients with febrile neutropenia episodes. Similarly, as the absolute neutrophil count counts increased with an odds ratio and a 95% confidence interval of 2.386 (0.859-6.625), the odds of pneumonia in febrile neutropenic patients were more prevalent. The study reported the prevalence of pneumonia in immunocompromised febrile neutropenic patients with leukemia, which could lead to the development of evidence-based febrile neutropenic treatment protocol development. It will assure more responsive patient management and treatment.

Keywords: febrile neutropenia, chemotherapy, pediatric, leukemia, Jordan

4
Research Title: Lower Respiratory Infections in Children With Febrile Neutropenic Leukemia: A Case in a Jordanian Hospital
Author: Nabil Nimer, Published Year: 2023
Clinical Pediatrics, 62 (11) 1342-1349
Faculty: Pharmacy

Abstract: The study aimed to examine the prevalence of pneumonia in pediatric children diagnosed with leukemia at King Hussein Medical Center, Royal Medical Services, Amman, Jordan. The study was conducted from January 2019 to March 2020. A total of 100 hospitalized leukemia patients with febrile neutropenic episodes were evaluated for the presence of pneumonia. Samples were collected from all patients and tested for microbial growth. Univariate analysis revealed that age (P = .033) and packed cell volume (P = .006) were statistically significant risk factors, associated with the prevalence of pneumonia in leukemia patients with febrile neutropenia episodes. Similarly, as the absolute neutrophil count counts increased with an odds ratio and a 95% confidence interval of 2.386 (0.859-6.625), the odds of pneumonia in febrile neutropenic patients were more prevalent. The study reported the prevalence of pneumonia in immunocompromised febrile neutropenic patients with leukemia, which could lead to the development of evidence-based febrile neutropenic treatment protocol development. It will assure more responsive patient management and treatment.

Keywords: febrile neutropenia, chemotherapy, pediatric, leukemia, Jordan

5
Research Title: Scoping Review of Behavioral Changes in Pregnant Mothers
Author: Muhmar Odeh Aldalaeen, Published Year: 2023
Journal of Chemical Health Risks (JCHR), Vol. 13 No. 6 (2023
Faculty: Nursing

Abstract: During pregnancy, a woman's body, mind, and social life all change drastically. For healthcare providers to provide effective assistance and guidance, they need to understand what factors affect behavior change during pregnancy. Aim: The aim of this study was to provide an overview of the effectiveness of behavior modification programs currently used during pregnancy. Methods: A scoping review was carried out. This covered Intervention studies, RCT studies , Systematic studies published from (May 2020) to (May 2023) in English which included behavioral change programs during pregnancy .A bibliographic search was made A search of three databases (PubMed, Google Scholar, and Cochrane) in order to locate relevant papers for the investigation. Each article's author(s), publication year, study location, study design, study objective, number of participants in the intervention and control groups, results, and conclusions were extracted and analyzed. Findings: As a result, the scoping review comprised ten investigations. According to the studies being considered, treatments emphasizing changes in a pregnant woman's lifestyle and behavior have the potential to improve her health. More research is needed to assess the efficacy of these interventions and to develop comprehensive, fact-based programs to encourage healthy behaviors during pregnancy. Conclusions: According to the studies being considered, treatments emphasizing changes in a pregnant woman's lifestyle and behavior have the potential to improve her health. More research is needed to assess the efficacy of these interventions and to develop comprehensive, fact-based programs to encourage healthy behaviors during pregnancy

Keywords: Behavioral, Changes, Pregnancy, Mothers

6
Research Title: A Class of Bi-Univalent Functions in a Leaf-Like Domain Defined through Subordination via q-Calculus
Author: Abdullah Mohammed Khalid Al Soboh, Published Year: 2024
Mathematics MDPI, 12
Faculty: Science

Abstract: Bi-univalent functions associated with the leaf-like domain within open unit disk are investigated, and a new subclass is introduced and studied in the research presented here. This is achieved by applying the subordination principle for analytic functions in conjunction with q-calculus. The class is proved to not be empty. By proving its existence, generalizations can be given to other sets of functions. In addition, coefficient bounds are examined with a particular focus on |α2| and |α3| coefficients, and Fekete–Szegö inequalities are estimated for the functions in this new class. To support the conclusions, previous works are cited for confirmation.

Keywords: Analytic functions; Taylor–Maclaurin coefficients; univalent functions; bi-univalent functions; starlike class; q¸ -calculus; leaf-like domain; Fekete–Szegö problem; subordination

7
Research Title: Applications of q−Ultraspherical polynomials to bi-univalent functions defined by q−Saigo’s fractional integral operators
Author: Abdullah Mohammed Khalid Al Soboh, Published Year: 2024
Aim Mathematics, 9
Faculty: Science

Abstract: This study established upper bounds for the second and third coefficients of analytical and bi-univalent functions belonging to a family of particular classes of analytic functions utilizing q−Ultraspherical polynomials under q−Saigo’s fractional integral operator. We also discussed the Fekete-Szego family function problem. As a result of the specialization of the parameters used in our main results, numerous novel outcomes were demonstrated.

Keywords: : q−Ultraspherical polynomials; univalent functions; bi-univalent functions; q−calculus; analytic functions

8
Research Title: Exploring the impact of chaos engineering with various user loads on cloud native applications: an exploratory empirical study
Author: Lamis Al-Qoran, Published Year: 2024
Computing,
Faculty: Information Technology

Abstract: One of the most popular models that provide computer resources today is cloud computing. Today’s dynamic and successful platforms are created to take advantage of various resources available from service providers. Ensuring the performance and availability of such resources and services is a crucial problem. Any software system may be subject to faults that might propagate to cause failures. Such faults with the potential of contributing to failures are critical because they impair performance and result in a delayed reaction, which is regarded as a dependability problem. To ensure that critical faults can be discovered as soon as possible, the impact of such faults on the system must be tested. The performance and dependability of cloud-native systems are examined in this empirical study using fault injection, one of the chaos engineering techniques. The study explores the impacts and results of injecting various delay times into two cloud-native applications with diverse user numbers. The performance of the applications with various numbers of users is measured in relation to these delays, which accordingly reflects measuring the dependability of those systems. Firstly, the systems’ architecture were identified, and serverless with two Lambda functions and containerised microservices applications were chosen, which depend on utilising and incorporating cloud-native services. Secondly, faults are injected in order to quantify performance attributes such as throughput and latency. The results of several controlled experiments carried out in real-world cloud environments provide exploratory empirical data, which promoted comparisons and statistical analysis that we utilised to identify the behaviour of the application while experiencing stress. Typical results from this investigation include an overall reduction in performance that is embodied in an increase in latency with injecting delays. However, a remarkable result is noticed at a particular delay in which defects and availability problems appear out of nowhere. These findings assist in highlighting the value of using chaos engineering in general and fault injection in particular to assess the dependability of cloud-native applications and to find unpredicted failures that could arise quickly from defects that aren’t supposed to spread and result in dependability issues.

Keywords: Chaos engineering · Fault injection · Dependability · Performance · Availability · Cloud-native systems

9
Research Title: Towards optimal tuned machine learning techniques based vehicular traffic prediction for real roads scenarios
Author: Maram Bani Younes, Published Year: 2024
Ad hoc Networks, 161
Faculty: Information Technology

Abstract: Smart cities have been widely investigated, and several algorithms, techniques, and protocols have recently been developed to serve smart city environments. Intelligent traffic management is one of the main research fields in this area. It aims to control and monitor the traffic over downtown and highway scenarios. The real-time traffic characteristics on road networks highly affect safety conditions and driving behaviors. Detecting hazardous traffic conditions and congested areas early helps drivers make the best decision to avoid dangerous situations. After extensive training, machine learning algorithms are mainly used for prediction in this field. In the intelligent traffic control target, trained machines are beneficial in obtaining instant and accurate predictions regarding traffic congestion levels and their distributions. Several parameters control the efficiency of the selected machines. This includes the dataset quality, the regression algorithm’s parameters, and how they have been tuned. In this work, we first create high-quality datasets representing the moving vehicles for different main roads in various countries, including Bank St in Canada, North Rodeo Drive (NRD) in Los Angeles, USA, Queen Rania Al Abdullah (QRA) road in Jordan, and Sheikh Zayed Road (SZR) in Saudi Arabia. Then, we test the most popular regression algorithms and evaluate their performance in terms of temporal prediction of traffic characteristics and traffic congestion in different geographical road scenarios. We optimized these regression algorithms and tuned the used parameters using the grid search approach. After that, more advanced metaheuristic optimization algorithms were used to improve the prediction accuracy of the selected machine. Experimentally, we have proved the enhancements in predicting traffic characteristics for the tested road scenarios. Both approaches show enhanced results compared to using the regression algorithm without tuning the parameters. It shows advanced results for both approaches for the coefficient of determination measure, named R squared ( ), with approximately 0.07, 0.04, and 0.08 enhanced values for Bank St., NRD, and SZR roads, respectively. In contrast, it shows approximately 0.95, 0.49, and 3.62 enhanced values for Bank St., NRD, and SZR roads, respectively, for the Root Mean Squared Error ( ) measure.

Keywords: Machine learning Traffic characteristics Traffic prediction SUMO KNN Grid search Evolutionary algorithms Swarm intelligence Optimization algorithms Metaheuristic algorithms

10
Research Title: الريادة والابتكار (المنظور الشمولي)
Author: Amani Ghazi Jarrar, Published Year: 2024
Faculty: Arts

Abstract: تأتي أهمية كتاب الريادة والابتكار (المنظور الشمولي) كونه يتصدى لأكثر مداخل العمل التربوي والتنموي التي تصنع فرقا واضحا في عالمنا هذا إن أردنا نقلة نوعية مرغوبة نحو المستقبل . ويستهدف الكتاب هذا فئة الدارسين والمهتمين في المجالات الفكرية والتنموية والتربوية بالعموم،حيث يتناول منظورين أساسيين لم يتم تناولهما في كثير من الكتب الإدارية. ففي حين يهتم الدارسون لعلم الإدارة في فهم موضوعات القيادة ومجالاتها ونظرياتها ،نرى أن المهتم بدراسة الريادة والابتكار لابد أن يسبر جوهر الإبداع والابتكار والدور التفاعلي لها من خلال قيادة ورؤية مستقبلية ريادية ،وهي تبرز أكثر احتياجا في المجال التنموي والتربوي. يأتي كتاب الريادة والابتكار (المنظور الشمولي) في محورين وثمانية فصول ، يتصدى المحور الأول للمجال التربوي والمحور الثاني للمجال التنموي ، وهما المجالين الأكثر أهمية لإحداث التغيير الإيجابي المنشود في عالم يعج بالمشكلات على اختلاف أشكالها. ولعل المطلوب هنا إحداث حالة من المراجعة من أجل النمو في المجال التربوي وهو المحرك الأساس في أي جهد تنموي مطلوب ، وهذا يتحقق من خلال إعادة النظر في مناهجنا وأساليب التدريس والاهتمام بتكنولوجيا التعليم وغيرها من أسس التطوير التربوي. أما المجال التنموي فهو شامل لكافة أهداف التنمية المستدامة حتى عام 2030 والتي اتفق عليها عالميا قادة الدول. يقدم الكتاب فكرته الريادية في المحورين التربوي والتنموي بالتصدي لثمانية مجالات أو فصول ، فيأتي الفصل الأول ليقدم مدخلا للجانب المفاهيمي للريادة والإبتكار،حيث يدرس العلاقات الترابطية والتفاعلية للقيادة والابداع والابتكار . أما الفصل الثاني فيدرس واقع ريادة الأعمال والإبداع في الوطن العربي،وذلك مع نظرة لأهم المؤشرات في مجال الريادة على المستوى العالمي . ويطرح الفصل الثالث موضوع القيادة وريادة الأعمال بشكل يوضح ركيزة أساسية للأعمال وبيئتها الناجحة. ويتصدى الفصل الرابع لريادة الأعمال النسوية،على اعتبار مراعاة اعتبارات العدسة الجندرية وحقوق المرأة وتقديرا لانجازاتها الريادية . أما الفصل الخامس فيتناول أكثر أدوات التغيير قدرة على تحقيق الأهداف التنموية لتحدث فرقا ،وهو الريادة في التعليم. ويبحث الفصل السادس أثر ريادة الأعمال في التنمية المستدامة. ولا يفوتنا في هذا الكتاب قراءة سريعة لأهم قصص النجاح في المجالات الريادية المختلفة والذين تركوا بصمة في هذا العالم ،كما قدمه الفصل السابع. وأخيرا يقدم الفصل الثامن نظرة لإعادة تخيل وهندسة الريادة من المنظورين التربوي والتنموي. كما رصد الكتاب في ملحقه مجموعة من الأشكال والرسمات التوضيحية لأهم مكنونات الريادة. جاء كتاب الريادة والابتكار (المنظور الشمولي) ليقدم محاولة عملية لفهم كيفية السير على خطى الابداع والابتكار بقيادة تقدر توجهات الإدارة الحديثة القائمة على فهم متطلبات هذا العصر والقادم بمنظور شمولي يتبنى كافة التطلعات المستقبلية واحتياجاتها التطويرية من أجل بناء المستقبل ،وذلك من خلال تربية جيل ناشئ قادر على الريادة والابتكار لتحقيق التنمية المستدامة . وكما أن الكتاب هذا يعنى بالقادة في كافة المجالات سواء السياسية او ريادة الأعمال ، فإن الريادة في المجالين التربوي والتنموي لا تقل عنها أهمية . فإن أردنا أن نحقق تنمية مستدامة وريادة ،لابد علينا من اهتمام أكبر في الشأن التربوي،برعاية وتنشئة جيل ناجح بكل المعايير الأخلاقية والعملية ، فنكون لديه عادات للنجاح،ومهارات للتفكير العقلاني والناقد وتنمية الإبداع وروح الابتكار والريادة ،لنسير نحو عالم أكثر استدامة وريادة .

Keywords: الريادة،الابتكار،التنمية المستدامة ،ريادة الأعمال،ريادة نسوية