Research Title: Palestinian community perceptions of do-not-resuscitation order for terminally Ill patients: A qualitative study
Author: Abdul-Monim Batiha, Published Year: 2017
Faculty: Faculty of Nursing

Abstract: Aim and objectives: To illustrate the Palestinian community’s views, opinions and stances about the concept of do-not-resuscitate for terminally ill patients. Background: Do-not-resuscitate orders are practised in many countries worldwide, but there is no consensus on their practice in the Middle East. Do-not-resuscitate orders may be applied for terminally ill paediatric patients. Some studies have been conducted describing people’s experiences with these do-not-resuscitate orders. However, few studies have considered community perspectives on do-not-resuscitate orders for terminally ill patients in Palestine. Design: A descriptive-qualitative design was adopted. Methods: A purposive sample of 24 participants was interviewed, with consideration of demographical characteristics such as age, gender, education and place of residency. The participants were recruited over a period of 6 months. Individual semistructured interviews were utilised. These interviews were transcribed and analysed using thematic analysis. Findings: Significantly, the majority of the participants did not know the meaning of do-not-resuscitate and thought that removal of life-sustaining devices and do-notresuscitate were the same concept. Most of the interviewees adopted stances against do-not-resuscitate orders. Several factors were suggested to influence the decision of accepting or rejecting the do-not-resuscitate order. The majority of the participants mentioned religion as a major factor in forming their viewpoints. The participants expressed different views regarding issuing a law regarding do-not-resuscitate orders. Conclusion: Our findings provide a unique understanding that there is a general misunderstanding among our participants regarding the do-not-resuscitate order. Further research with policymakers and stakeholders is still required.

Keywords: accepting DNR, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, do-not-resuscitate, ethical issues, Palestine, qualitative, refusing DNR

Research Title: A Dynamic Approach to Linear Statistical Electrical Energy losses Analyses (Comparative Case Study)
Author: Ayman Agha, Audih Alfaoury, Published Year: 2017
Faculty: Faculty of Engineering

Abstract: System dynamics have been used for the planning of different sectors in the electric power industry. In the last decade, the number of new suppliers/ consumers entered into the electric power system is rapidly increasing; they are respectively the renewable energy and electric cars. This necessitates a mechanism to estimate the demand for electricity in the near future as per as to evaluate and forecast the situation in the power system. The amounts of generation, transmission, and distribution have been modeled in the form of regression equations depicting the system. The developed methodology is based on system dynamics and a new concept of trend index is introduced. The data of the Jordanian electric power system for the period (2001-2016) has been investigated and analyzed. The analyzed period is divided into two equal periods, the first (2001-2008); is to perform a comparative study of the status and the performance of the power system. However, the second period (2009-2016); is used to investigate the trends of the electrical power system. Numerical examples illustrating the effectiveness of the proposed method are presented. Discussion, conclusions, and recommendations on the accuracy of the achieved results are also introduced.

Keywords: Dynamic Analysis, Trend Index, Energy Losses Analysis, Electrical Losses in Jordanian Power

Research Title: A New Algorithm for Reactive Power Compensation in Industrial Plant
Author: Ayman Agha, Published Year: 2016
Jordan Journal of Electrical Engineering (JJEE), Volume 2, Number 3,
Faculty: Faculty of Engineering

Abstract: This paper presents a method based on Lagrange multipliers for capacitor banks allocation at industrial plant networks. The aim of compensation is to avoid penalties in (JD/$) raised on electricity bills due to low power factor and to minimize the power losses at the plant’s network. Capacitor banks will be allocated at the main board (MB) as a fixed type and at secondary distribution boards (SDB) as a regulated type. For this regard, a mathematical formulation of the problems along with concentrates has been established and solved. The “equivalent consumed active energy” amount is calculated based on a newly devolved equation for finding the “equivalent working time” which leads to calculating the total amount of reactive power compensation. The proposed method is applied to the data extracted from the monthly electricity bill of an industrial plant network. A numerical example and discussion have been introduced to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

Keywords: Reactive power compensation. Power factor improvement. Power loss reduction. Lagrange multipliers

Research Title: Epidemiology of Nonfatal Injuries Among Schoolchildren
Author: د. عبد المنعم محمد بطيحة, Published Year: 2016
Faculty: Faculty of Nursing

Abstract: Nonfatal injuries are considered as one of the major public health hazards affecting schoolchildren, and the majority of these injuries occur at school or in the home. A cross-sectional study was conducted over a period of 3 months, March–May 2015. The participants were 4,355 Jordanian schoolchildren in Grades 7–12. The Pearson w2 test was computed, and the odds ratio was used to determine the magnitude of various risk factors for nonfatal injuries among schoolchildren. The overall incidence of nonfatal injury was 33.9%. The group most likely to sustain nonfatal injuries was boys, aged 12–15, in Grade 7, whose parents had a low level of education or a high family income. Injury prevention in schools and at homes is a cornerstone for protection or reducing the incidence of injuries. School nurses have a duty to follow up and examine the accident reports and evaluate whether safety policies are applied and are effective in different school settings. Furthermore, health and education authorities should develop a national program for preventing injuries.

Keywords: schoolchildren, injury, nonfatal injury, epidemiology

Research Title: Assessment of Potable Water Quality in Baghdad City, Iraq
Author: Ghassan Adham AL-Dulaimi and Mohammad Khairi Younes, Published Year: 2017
Air, Soil and Water Research, 10
Faculty: Faculty of Engineering

Abstract: Safe drinking water is crucial for the well-being of current and future generations. This study aims to evaluate the quality of potable water in Baghdad city. Furthermore, this study compares the quality of tap and bottled water. Baghdad city was divided into 4 districts based on the water source, and 40 water samples were collected from each district. Moreover, the most popular bottled water brands were sampled and compared with the tap water samples. The quality of the analyzed potable water samples varied based on the water source. The total dissolved solid (TDS) levels exceed the palatable (>600 ppm) water levels in some districts. In addition, the concentration of sulfate was relatively high in both tap and bottled water and ranged from 200 to 330 ppm. The bottled water quality was within the acceptable limits set by the World Health Organization, but the TDS levels were relatively high. The hardness, Cl−, Pb2+, and bacteria contents in both tap and bottled water were within the standard limits. Finally, it is important to conduct radiological analyses in the future to investigate the effect of wars on Iraqi water resources.

Keywords: Bottled water, tap water, water quality analysis

Research Title: An Approach to UML Consistency Checking Based on Compositional Semantics, International Journal of Embedded and Real-Time Communication Systems (IJERTCS)
Author: N. Messaoudi, A. Chaoui, M. Bettaz, Published Year: 2017
Faculty: Faculty of Information Technology

Abstract: One of the ways to specify dynamic behavior in UML is to model interactions between objects with sequence diagrams, and model the behavior of each object with state machines. In this context, the problem of ensuring consistency between the sequence diagrams and state machines may arise. To verify consistency, the authors propose an approach based on compositions of Büchi automata ...

Keywords: One of the ways to specify dynamic behavior in UML is to model interactions between objects with sequence diagrams, and model the behavior of each object with state machines. In this context, the problem of ensuring consistency between the sequence diagrams and state machines may arise. To verify consistency, the authors propose an approach based on compositions of Büchi automata ...

Research Title: Generating Python Code from Object-Z Specifications
Author: A.F. Al Azzawi, M. Bettaz and H. M. Al-Refai, Published Year: 2017
International Journal of Software Engineering & Applications (IJSEA), Vol.8(4)
Faculty: Faculty of Information Technology

Abstract: Object-Z is an object-oriented specification language which extends the Z language with classes, objects,inheritance and polymorphism that can be used to represent the specification of a complex system as collections of objects. There are a number of existing works that mapped Object-Z to C++ and Java programming languages. Since Python and Object-Z share many similarities, both are object-oriented paradigm, support set theory and predicate calculus moreover, Python is a functional programming language which is naturally closer to formal specifications, we propose a mapping from Object-Z specifications to Python code that covers some Object-Z constructs and express its specifications in Python to validate these specifications. The validations are used in the mapping covered preconditions, post-conditions, and invariants that are built using lambda function and Python's decorator. This work has found Python is an excellent language for developing libraries to map Object-Z specifications to Python

Keywords: Object-Z, Python, Object Oriented Programming, Formal Language Specification, Design by Contract

Research Title: Intentional Modeling with Institution Theory
Author: M. Bettaz and M. Maouche, Published Year: 2017
6th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE on Reliability, Infocom Technologies and Optimization (ICRITO 2017), to appear in IEEE explore, Noida, India
Faculty: Faculty of Information Technology

Abstract: Institution theory is a categorical approach to abstract model theory free of commitment to any particular logical system. As regards to modeling, the concept of institution contributed to a better understanding of various modeling concepts such as heterogeneous specification and multi-modeling, and permitted the elaboration of satisfactory answers to questions in relation with the semantic correctness of model transformation. Intentional modeling is an approach to software system’s specification that puts focus on intentions and motivations of software systems, rather than on their essence or behaviors. One might here rightly think that requirements engineering is there to take care of this type of concern. However, to quote the authors of the institution theory, “experience in software engineering shows that there are major difficulties in producing consistent, rigorous specifications that adequately reflect users’ requirements for complex systems”. In this contribution we project to use the concept of institution to represent models together with their intentions, and to relate models having different intentions in a semantically consistent way. The underlying motivation is to contribute to a better understanding of the concepts of modeling and model transformations

Keywords: model driven engineering; intentional modeling; category theory; institution theory

Research Title: BOD and DO modeling for Tigris River at Baghdad city portion using QUAL2K model
Author: د.غسان أدهم الدليمي, Published Year: 2013
Journal of Kerbala University, Vol. 11 No.3 Scienti
Faculty: Faculty of Engineering

Abstract: This study was conducted within Baghdad portion of Tigris River, which is significant due to the presence of various drains joining the river. Water samples have been collected from Tigris River along different points between Alfahama to Al-Zafarania and were analyzed for various water quality parameters during low flow season (November). The study involves application of QUAL2K model to simulate and predict the dissolved oxygen (DO) and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5) profiles of Tigris River in a stretch of 49.97 kilometer. Remote sensing &GIS technique (ERDAS 9.2 & Global Mapper 11) used in this study as supported software to provide some QUAL2K input data related to the river geometric parameter. The simulation results were verified and showed that the predicted values were in agreement with the measured values. Model output showed that DO in the entire river was within limit of not less than 4 mg/L. For CBOD, the entire river may be divided into three reaches; first one is extended from AlFahama (0 km) to Alkadhmiah (9 km) and have CBOD concentration of 2 mg/L and the second reach has CBOD range (2–4) mg/L in which begins from Alkadhmiah and extend to near Aldora refinery. The third reach extends from Aldora refinery to Al-Zafaraniah (49.97) in the south before river confluence with Diyala River which has CBOD concentrations of more than 4 mg/L. The most polluted zone in the river located downstream of Aldora refinery and extend to the last segment due to the industrial discharge of pollutants to the river. Two strategies were suggested to control the level of CBOD in the river. First strategy suggest that the CBOD of the discharged effluent from industries should not exceed at least 50 mg/L to keep the CBOD of the entire river within limits of not more than 4 mg/L. While the second strategy does not give significant results in which the level of CBOD increase even with reduction in the pollution load (point source).

Keywords: Septic tank, cheap secondary treatment

Author: د.غسان أدهم الدليمي, Published Year: 2014
IJCIET, Volume 4, Issue 6,
Faculty: Faculty of Engineering

Abstract: The aim of this study is to determine runoff depth for Al-adeem river basin in north eastern part of Iraq by using remote sensing and Geographic information system (GIS) integration. Various data sets were used such as Landsat7-ETM satellite image, 1:25000 standard topographic map and soil map data. The basin area and physical characteristics of the studied area such as slope and aspect maps were determined with the help of DEM (Digital Elevation Model)by using Global Mapper 11 software. Supervised classification process was used in this research to drive the land cover map by using ERDAS 8.4 program. A hydrological model US Soil Conservation Service method or (SCS) method was used to determine curve numbers and runoff depth distribution on the entire studied basin. Results obtained from this research coincide with varying morphology of studied basin. High runoff depth obtained in the middle parts of the basin that consist mainly from soil with low infiltration rate(clayey soil) and pasture land cover that has an ability of high retention. Low runoff depth obtained in the north parts of the basin that consist mainly from soil with high infiltration rate(course sand and gravel soils) and shrub land cover that has an ability of low retention.

Keywords: Runoff depth, ERDAS, SCS Model