91
Research Title: الوتران الصوتيان عند العلماء العرب القدماء، ودورهما في إنتاج الأصوات
Author: Hamzah Ibraheem Al-Nadi, Published Year: 2014
مجلة مجمع اللغة العربية الأردني, 87
Faculty: Language Center

Abstract: ارتبطت أوضاع الوترين الصوتيين منذ نشأة الدراسات الصوتية الحديثة بعملية التصويت أو إنتاج الأصوات اللغوية , وعلى وجه التحديد بالسمتين الصوتيتين المميزتين , وهما الجهر والهمس . وقد عُرِّف الجهر بأنه اهتزاز الوترين الصوتيين عند إنتاج بعض الأصوات وهي المسماة بالمجهورة , وعُرِّف الهمس بأنه عدم اهتزازهما عند إنتاج الأصوات المسماة بالمهموسة ومن المعروف في علم الأصوات أنَّ أول من اكتشف علاقة الوترين الصوتيين بالجهر والهمس هو العالم أنطوين فرين والسؤال الذي يحاول هذا البحث الإجابة عنه : هل عرف العلماء العرب القدماء عمل الوترين الصوتيين في إنتاج الأصوات اللغوية؟

Keywords: الوتران الصوتيان - إنتاج الأصوات - الجهر والهمس

92
Research Title: Modulation of CYP3A4 and CYP2C9 activity by Bulbine natalensis and its constituents: An assessment of HDI risk of B. natalensis containing supplements
Author: Manal Mohammad Alhusban, Published Year: 2021
Phytomedicine, 81
Faculty: Pharmacy

Abstract: This study was aimed to investigate the HDI potential of B. natalensis in terms of the pregnane X receptor (PXR)-mediated induction of major drug-metabolizing cytochrome P450 enzyme isoforms (i.e., CYP3A4 and CYP2C9) as well as inhibition of their catalytic activity.

Keywords: Bulbine natalensisPregnane X receptorCytochrome P450KnipholoneHerb-drug interactions

93
Research Title: A Study of the Strategies of Suggestion Used by Jordanian and American Undergraduate University Students and Designing Relevant Pedagogical Content
Author: Rana Saeed Mohammed, Published Year: 2017
Faculty: Language Center

Abstract: The main aim of this study was to compare and contrast the strategies used by Jordanian and American undergraduate university students when expressing and responding to suggestions. In specific, the study aimed at investigating the most frequent suggestion strategies used by Jordanian and American undergraduate university students for making and responding to suggestions, the similarities and differences between the strategies used by both groups of participants, and the effect of gender and language status on the strategies used by the participants. It also attempted to provide relevant pedagogical content. To this end, sixty undergraduate university students, thirty undergraduate Jordanian university students of various majors studying at Philadelphia University, and thirty undergraduate American university students of various majors studying at The State University of New York were asked to complete a Discourse Completion Test (DCT). The DCT consisted of eight situations for making suggestions and eight situations for responding to suggestions. A total of 1440 utterances were categorized and analyzed descriptively using percentages. The results of the study revealed that the Jordanian and American participants tended to use varied strategies when expressing suggestions and similar strategies when responding to suggestions. The data also showed that the gender variable was statistically insignificant in making suggestions. Moreover, language status appeared to be significant. The results were attributed to the different social and cultural backgrounds of the participants. The study offered some pedagogical recommendations and others for contrastive pragmatic studies. A pedagogical content was also designed to teach suggestions.

Keywords: Key words: Contrastive Pragmatics; Pragmatic Competence; Speech Act; Suggestion Strategies.

94
Research Title: The Acquisition of Relativization by Jordanian Children
Author: Rana Saeed Mohammed, Published Year: 2007
Faculty: Language Center

Abstract: This study aims at investigating Jordanian children's acquisition of relative clauses in their mother tongue. The forms of relative clauses that were studied are those introduced by the relative pronouns illi and il. The sample of the study consisted of thirty male and female children of different age groups chosen randomly from Adria Elementary School and Kindergarten in Irbid, Jordan. Two tests were given, a production test and a comprehension one in order to find out the factors that influence the acquisition of relativization by these children. The findings of the study indicate that age is an important factor that plays a crucial role in the development of the relativization acquisition, while sex appears to be statistically insignificant.

Keywords: Acquisition, Relative Clauses

95
Research Title: البنية العاملية لقائمة التشوهات المعرفية بإستخدام التحليل العاملي التوكيدي متعدد المستويات
Author: Abeer Kamal Taha Abu-Wardeh, Published Year: 2021
Faculty: Arts

Abstract: هدفت الدراسة الحالية إلى فحص البنية العاملية لقائمة التشوهات المعرفية لدى طلبة جامعة فيلادلفيا على مستوى الأفراد ومستوى الكليات، وللتحقق من ذلك تم اجراء التحليل العاملي التوكيدي متعدد المستويات لقائمة التشوهات المعرفية باستخدام عينة مكونة من (600) طالب وطالبة موزعين على (8) كليات للفصل الثاني من العام الجامعي 2019/2020. في البداية تم استخدام طريقة المكونات الرئيسية لاستخراج العوامل، والتدوير المتعامد بطريقة الفاريماكس، أشارت نتائج الدراسة إلى أن البنية العاملية تتألف من (11) عامل. ومن ثم تم اجراء التحليل العاملي التوكيدي متعدد المستويات حيث دعمت النتائج نموذجًا مكونًا من (11) عامل في كل مستوى من مستويات الأفراد والكليات. وكانت تشبعات العوامل في النموذج النهائي متعدد المستويات أعلى على مستوى الكليات مقارنةً بمستوى الأفراد. ومن ثم تم التحقق من درجات ثبات العوامل على مستوى الأفراد والكليات، وقد تراوحت درجات الثبات على مستوى الأفراد (0.73-0.896)، في حين تراوحت درجات الثبات على مستوى الكليات (0.778-0.927). كما أظهرت النتائج وجود لاتغير تكويني ولاتغير متري ولاتغير عددي في فقرات قائمة التشوهات المعرفية وفقا لمتغير الجنس.

Keywords: التحليل العاملي، التحليل العاملي التوكيدي متعدد المستويات، البنية العاملية، التشوهات المعرفية، قائمة التشوهات المعرفية

96
Research Title: Strategies of Making Suggestion Used by Jordanian and American Undergraduate University Students
Author: Rana Saeed Mohammed, Published Year: 2018
Faculty: Language Center

Abstract: differences between the strategies used by Jordanian and American undergraduate university students when making and responding to suggestions. Furthermore, this study aims at investigating the most frequent suggestion strategies used by Jordanian and American undergraduate university students for making and responding to suggestions. To this end, sixty undergraduate university students, thirty undergraduate Jordanian university students of various majors studying at Philadelphia University, and thirty undergraduate American university students of various majors studying at The State University of New York were asked to complete a Discourse Completion Task (DCT) consisting of sixteen situations in which their suggestion act was explored. The research data were analyzed descriptively using frequencies and percentages

Keywords: Contrastive pragmatics, Pragmatic Competence; Linguistic Competence, Suggestion Strategies; Speech acts.

97
Research Title: الصورة الرقمية كوسيط جرافيكي في الحملة الإعلانية
Author: Omar Mahmoud Al-Rashdan, Published Year: 2017
Faculty: Arts

Abstract: هدفت الدراسة الى معرفة أهمية وجمالية الصورة الرقمية لتحقيق ايصال الرسالة الإعلانية وما يرتبط معها تبعاً لجودة التصميم من زيادة وفاعليه, ومعرفة الأساليب المستخلصة في مجال الإبداع الفني والجمالي للصورة الرقمية, وقد توصلت الدراسة الى أن للصورة الرقمية أهمية كبيرة لجذب المتلقي وتحقيق إيصال الرسالة الإعلانية، كما توصلت الى أن الصورة الرقمية قد لعبت دوراً مهماً في تعزيز القيم الفنية والجمالية فضلاً لقيمتها الوظيفية, وذلك من خلال تعدد وظائفها ومميزاتها وأساليبها وأنواعها.

Keywords: الصورة، الإعلان، التصميم

98
Research Title: Intercultural Dialogue in Leila Aboulela's The Translator
Author: Areen Ghazi Khalifeh, Published Year: 2019
مجلةالمشكاة للعلوم الإنسانية والإجتماعية, volume 7, number 3
Faculty: Arts

Abstract: Leila Aboulela’s The Translator is a novel where different cultures, languages, and religions meet. The love story of the Sudanese widow Sammar and the secular Scottish Middle East expert Rae Isles is the driving force that establishes a cross-cultural dialogue in the novel. The aim of this study is to analyze how Aboulela as an Anglophone female writer represents the meeting of two different cultures through the lives of its characters. The difference, and sometimes the conflict, between East and West and between the protagonists at the beginning of the novel culminates to a productive, exemplary cultural dialogue in the end. At the end of The Translator, there is no domination from a feminist and post-colonial perspective. Instead, there are toppling of traditional concepts with regard to interaction between genders and cultures. There are also eventually understanding and embracing of new identities where Islam plays a significant and a positive role.

Keywords: Leila Aboulela, Anglophone writer, The Translator, Islam, post colonialism, feminism.

99
Research Title: Healthy nutritional behavior during COVID-19 lockdown: A cross-sectional study
Author: Nour Ratib Batarseh, Published Year: 2021
Clinical Nutrition ESPEN, 42
Faculty: Pharmacy

Abstract: Background Ongoing outbreak of the novel coronavirus infectious disease 2019 (COVID- 19) constitutes a major global pandemic health care system challenge. Shortly following the disease outbreak, like SARS-CoV virus, all affected countries are implementing various preventive and control measures to mitigate the spread of the disease. Optimizing public health system during COVID-19 pandemic requires not only advanced medical and biological sciences knowledge, but also all human sciences related to social, as well as nutritional behavior, and lifestyle practices. Aim To investigate the effect of COVID-19- quarantine on healthy nutritional behavior and lifestyle practices among Jordanian population. Methods A cross-sectional study among Jordanian population was conducted using an online questionnaire between March and April 2020. Participants were kindly requested to answer a standardized and validated structured questionnaire. Demographic information (age, gender, place of residence, and occupation), anthropometric data (reported weight and height); nutritional behavior information (number of meals per day, snakes, water intake), and physical activity behavior were requested. Results A total of 4473 respondents were included in the study; obese (n = 1135), normal body weight (n = 1561), and underweight (n = 116). During COVID-19 quarantine, a significant increase in body weight (12.9% underweight, 28.5% normal body weight, 36.4% overweight’ and 41.1% of obese (p < 0.001) was reported. Moreover, the number of snacks between meals (p < 0.001), number of main meals (p < 0.001), and the smoking rate was also increased significantly; however, there was no significant difference regarding physical activity among various weight status groups (p < 0.05). Conclusions In this study, we have provided evidence, for the first time, that there were significant negative changes in healthy nutritional behavior among Jordanians during COVID-19 quarantine who encountered significantly increased body weight, appetite, and smoking. Hence, future larger cross-sectional studies are warran

Keywords: COVID-19, Coronavirus, Eating habits, Lifestyle

100
Research Title: Acute kidney and liver injury could be the cause of death in patients with COVID-19
Author: Yousef Abdel-Kareem Abusamra, Published Year: 2021
Authorea,
Faculty: Pharmacy

Abstract: We evaluated the increase in the risk of developing acute kidney and hepatic injury. Moreover, we investigate the association between kidney and liver biomarkers with poor prognosis and mortality rate. Methods: This was a prospective cohort study of 397 adult patients with an average age of 48.03 ± 14.09 who were diagnosed with COVID-19 of whom, 46 (11.59%) died in hospital. The upper values of the kidney and liver biomarkers were obtained from the recovered patients during the disease period and are compared to the data for dead patients at admission (Baseline) and one day before death. Results: At admission to the hospital, the baseline S.Cr, BUN, and eGFR were not significantly varied between recovered and dead patients. Furthermore, the baseline values for AST, ALT, and ALP were not significantly differed between both groups. Whereas, baseline value of total serum bilirubin was higher in died compared to the recovered patients. For dead patients, the day before death, 52.17% of the patients had progressed to stage III and stage IV AKI. S.Cr and BUN were significantly higher, and eGFR was lower compared to the recovered patients. All of the kidney and liver function tests were abnormally increased from baseline to the day before death. The AST, ALT, and total bilirubin one day before death were significantly higher compared to their baseline value. Conclusions: COVID-19 patients have a high risk for the development of AKI and liver injury that can be progressed to a chronic stage and increase the mortality rate.

Keywords: COVID-19, acute kidney injury, acute liver injury