51
Research Title: الأجراءات القانونية للحد من إنتشار التطرف من وجهة نظر طلبة الدراسات العليا بالجامعة الأردنية
Author: Hisham Nabeel Adeeb Bani Amer, Published Year: 2021
مجلة كلية التربية بجامعة أسيوط, 37
Faculty: Arts

Abstract: هدف البحث التعرف إلى دور الإجراءات الوقائية (السياسية والاجتماعية والتربوية والحزبية والنقابية والاقتصادية) في الحد من انتشار التطرف في الأردن من وجهة نظر طلبة الدراسات العليا بالجامعة الأردنية، واتبع منهج المسح الاجتماعي بالعينة، حيث بلغت العينة العشوائية (١٧٥) مبحوثا، وتم تطوير استبيان يغطي محاور الدراسة ويجيب عن تساؤلاتها. وتوصلت الدراسة إلى أن الإجراءات السياسية أكثر الإجراءات الوقائية تأثيرا في الحد من انتشار التطرف، تليها الإجراءات الوقائية الحزبية والنقابية لدورها في تكوين الفرد ودمجه بالمجتمع، كما جاءت الإجراءات الوقائية الاقتصادية في المرتبة الثالثة في الأهمية للحد من انتشار التطرف، وأوصت الدراسة إلى أن الإجراءات الوقائية تحد من انتشار التطرف بشكل ملحوظ وشامل وتكلفة أقل من باقي الإجراءات التي تكافح التطرف، فلابد من إجراء إصلاح سياسي ودعم العمل الحزبي والنقابي والحد من ظاهرة البطالة وتدني الأجور من أجل تحقيق وقاية أفضل في المجتمع تحول من انتشار التطرف.

Keywords: التطرف

52
Research Title: طبيعة العلاقة بين الاحزاب والنظام السياسي في الاردن
Author: Hisham Nabeel Adeeb Bani Amer, Published Year: 2019
مجلة جامعة فلسطين للأبحاث والدراسات, 9
Faculty: Arts

Abstract: هدفت الدراسة التعرف إلى طبيعة العلاقة القائمة بين كل من الأحزاب الوطنية والنظام السياسي الأردني، وتوقفت على العوامل التي تحدد أشكال العلاقة وطبيعتها خلال الفترة الزمنية الواقعة بين 2010م – 2017م، لما شهدته هذه مرحلة من حراك سياسي واجتماعي على الصعيدين العربي والمحلي خلال ما سمي بالربيع العربي وما تبعته من حركات اجتماعية ومسيرات شعبية، واستخدمت الدراسة أسلوب المسح الاجتماعي بالعينة، فقد تم إجراء مقابلات مقننة مع عينة قصدية من الأمناء العامين للأحزاب الأردنية. وتوصلت الدراسة إلى أن طبيعة العلاقة بين النظام والأحزاب متقلبة وذات مد وجزر وتتأثر بتأثر المواقف والأحداث على الساحة الأردنية، وأن الحكم على المشاركة السياسية ليس في عدد الأحزاب وكثرتها بل في فعالية العمل الحزبي ودوره في صناعة القرار السياسي ورسم السياسات، وخلصت الدراسة إلى أنه لابد من تشكيل هيئة مستقلة تعنى بالأحزاب ومتابعتها، وسن تشريعات تساهم في تطور العمل الحزبي، وإجراء برامج توعوية في أهمية الأحزاب ودورها الفاعل في التحول الديمقراطي وتسهيل عملية الانضمام لها، وتجديد البرامج الحزبية وخروجها من عباءة الفكر الأوحد أو الشخصية القيادية وتؤسس لبرنامج وطني شامل، وتنظم العمل داخل الحزب بطريقة مؤسسية فعالة، وتستخدم الوسائل الإعلامية والرقمية للتواصل مع الشارع الأردني للوصول إلى كافة شرائح المجتمع الأردني.

Keywords: الاحزاب السياسية النظام السياسي

53
Research Title: Effect of Vitamin D in the Resolution of Menorrhagia and Irregular Menstrual Cycle
Author: Najlaa Saadi Ismael, Published Year: 2021
Teikyo Medical Journal, Volume 44, Issue 06
Faculty: Pharmacy

Abstract: Rational of Vitamin D (Vit.D) is responsible for the regulation of various biological activities, it has an essential role in neurohumoral regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian system thus Vit.D deficiency is associated with menstrual disorder. The current study aimed to check the efficacy of Vit.D in women regarding the gynecological problem. A longitudinal interventional research study was performed to collect the data from an obstetrics and gynecology outpatient clinic in Mosul City, Iraq. Fifty participants aged between 12 and 47 years were participated in the current study, from the period of 1st December 2019 to the 1st December 2020. These reproductive women have gynecological problems with Vit.D deficiency, 25 (OH) D levels (LD < 30 ng/mL). The participants received once weekly dose of 50 000 IU orally for two months. After this period of treatment, there was a significant elevation in serum Vit.D level p < 0.0000 and significant relief of their gynecological problem (irregular menstrual cycle, menorrhagia) (p < 0.000, p < 0.0000) respectively. An administration of once weekly dose of 50 000 IU orally for two months in patients with gynecological problems (irregular cycle, menorrhagia) and Vit.D deficiency could improve these gynecological problems were observed.

Keywords: MENSTRUAL CYCLE, VIT.D, 25 (OH) D, MENORRHAGIA, GYNECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS, MENSTRUAL BLEEDING

54
Research Title: Scalability resilience framework using application-level fault injection for cloud-based software services
Author: Amro Al-Said Ahmad, Published Year: 2022
Journal of Cloud Computing, 11
Faculty: Information Technology

Abstract: This paper presents an investigation into the effect of faults on the scalability resilience of cloud-based software services. The study introduces an experimental framework using the Application-Level Fault Injection (ALFI) to investigate how the faults at the application level affect the scalability resilience and behaviour of cloud-based software services. Previous studies on scalability analysis of cloud-based software services provide a baseline of the scalability behaviour of such services, allowing to conduct in-depth scalability investigation of these services. Experimental analysis on the EC2 cloud using a real-world cloud-based software service is used to demonstrate the framework, considering delay latency of software faults with two varied settings and two demand scenarios. The experimental approach is explained in detail. Here we simulate delay latency injection with two different times, 800 and 1600 ms, and compare the results with the baseline data. The results show that the proposed approach allows a fair assessment of the fault scenario’s impact on the cloud software service’s scalability resilience. We explain the use of the methodology to determine the impact of injected faults on the scalability behaviour and resilience of cloud-based software services.

Keywords: Resilience; Scalability; Software-as-a-service (SaaS); Application-level fault-injection

55
Research Title: The effect of working capital management and credit management policy on Jordanian banks’ financial performance
Author: Nashat Ali Al-Masri, Published Year: 2021
Banks and Bank, 16, issue4,
Faculty: Business

Abstract: This study investigated the impact of Working Capital Management (WCM) and Credit Management Policy (CMP) on the Financial Performance (FP) of Jordanian banks (JB). The study data were obtained from 16 Jordanian banks listed on the Amman Stock Exchange (ASE) between 2017 and 2020. The study used panel data to investigate the relationship between the two independent variables, WCM and CMP, and the dependent variable FP; 64 financial reports to Jordanian banks were analyzed to measure this relationship. To test hypotheses, multiple regression was used. The study found a statistically significant relationship between WCM and FP, and the independent variable was able to explain 34.1% of the changes that occur in the dependent variable. In addition, the outcome approved that there is a statistically significant relationship between CMP and FP. Furthermore, CMP explained about 41.8% of changes in the dependent variable. The findings of this study indicate support for the banks’ performance; a bank may need to lengthen client credit terms, prolong the cash transfer cycle, and require a more extended payment period when judging on WCM. Keywords: working capital, credit management, financial performance.

Keywords: working capital, credit management, financial performance.

56
Research Title: An Experimental Performance Evaluation of Cloud-API-Based Applications
Author: Amro Al-Said Ahmad, Published Year: 2021
Faculty: Information Technology

Abstract: Cloud Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) have been developed to link several cloud computing applications together. API-based applications are widely used to provide flexible and reliable services over cloud platforms. Recently, a huge number of services have been attached to cloud platforms and widely utilized during a very short period of time. This is due to the COVID-19 lockdowns, which forced several businesses to switch to online services instantly. Several cloud platforms have failed to support adequate services, especially for extended and real-time-based applications. Early testing of the available platforms guarantees a level of suitability and reliability for the uploaded services. In this work, we first selected two different API-based applications from education and professional taxonomies, the two most recently used applications that have switched to the cloud environment. Then, we aimed to evaluate the performance of different API-based applications under different cloud platforms, in order to measure and validate the ability of these platforms to support these services. The advantages and drawbacks of each platform were experimentally investigated for each application.

Keywords: performance; SaaS; cloud application; cloud platform; Application Programming Interfaces (APIs)

57
Research Title: Optimized Economic Loading of Distribution Transformers Using Minimum Energy Loss Computing
Author: Ayman Abdel Karim Mohammad Agha, Published Year: 2021
Mathematical Problems in Engineering, Volume 2021, Article
Faculty: Engineering and Technology

Abstract: This paper presents an approach to achieve the Economic Loading of Distribution Transformer (ELDT) based on minimizing the active energy loss. The effects of the transformer on-load and no-load losses, load factor (LF), and load loss factor (LSF) on the total energy losses are considered. The adopted technique in this paper consists of two phases, where ELDT is determined analytically in the first phase, and the load profile adequated (LSF) is statistically obtained in the second one. The results declare that the proposed technique is suitable for the shifts system mode of operation such as in industrial plants. Moreover, this paper investigates the effect of the total active and reactive power and energy losses on ELDT. Finally, numerical examples with software analyses are performed as a valuable tool, which supports the decision-makers to decide trustfully the size of the transformer and its capacity (kVA) during the design stage, as well as to determine the economic loading during the operation based on the effective factors, that is, total power, energy losses, and the load profile.

Keywords: transformer optimum loading, transformer economics, transformer power losses, energy losses of transformers.

58
Research Title: PMMA bone cement containing long releasing silica-based chlorhexidine nanocarriers
Author: Yazan Mohammad Mashour Al-Thaher, Published Year: 2021
Faculty: Pharmacy

Abstract: Prosthetic joint infections (PJI) are still an extremely concerning eventuality after joint replacement surgery; growing antibiotic resistance is also limiting the prophylactic and treatment options. Chlorhexidine (a widely used topical non-antibiotic antimicrobial compound) coatings on silica nanoparticles capable of prolonged drug release have been successfully developed and characterised. Such nanocarriers were incorporated into commercial formulation PMMA bone cement (Cemex), without adversely affecting the mechanical performance. Moreover, the bone cement containing the developed nanocarriers showed superior antimicrobial activity against different bacterial species encountered in PJI, including clinical isolates already resistant to gentamicin. Cytocompatibility tests also showed non inferior performance of the bone cements containing chlorhexidine releasing silica nanocarriers to the equivalent commercial formulation.

Keywords: PMMA,Nanotechnology, Bone cement, Nanoparticles,Antimicrobial,TJR,PJI

59
Research Title: Improved Deep Hiding/Extraction Algorithm to Enhance the Payload Capacity and Security Level of Hidden Information
Author: Nameer Nadhem El-Emam, Published Year: 2021
International Journal of Communication Networks and Information Security (IJCNIS) , Accepted
Faculty: Information Technology

Abstract: Steganography algorithms have become an effective technique for preventing illegal users from obtaining confidential data. This paper has improved a deep hiding/extraction algorithm (IDHEA) to hide a secret message in color images. The proposed algorithm has been applied to enhance the payload capacity and reduce the time complexity. Modified LSB (MLSB) is based on randomly disseminating confidential data on a Cover-Image and has been proposed to replace the number of bits per byte (Nbpb), up to 4 bits, to increase payload capacity and make it difficult to access the hiding data. The number of levels of the IDHEA algorithm has been specified randomly; each level uses a color image, and from one level to the next, the image size is expanded, where this algorithm starts with a small size of a Cover-Image and increases the size of the image gradually or suddenly at the next level, according to an enlargement ratio. Furthermore, lossless image compression based on the run-length encoding algorithm and Gzip has been applied to enable the size of the data hiding at the next level, and data encryption using the Advanced Encryption Standard algorithm (AES) has been introduced at each level to enhance the security level. Thus, the effectiveness of the proposed IDHEA algorithm has been measured at the last level, and many statistical and visual measures have checked the performance of the proposed hiding algorithm in terms of embedding capacity and imperceptibility. Comparisons between the proposed approach and previous work have been implemented; it appears that the intended approach is better than the previously modified LSB algorithms, and it works against visual and statistical attacks with the excellent performance achieved by using the detection error (PE). Furthermore, the results confirmed that the Stego-Image with high imperceptibility has reached even a payload capacity that is large and replaces twelve bits per pixel (12-bpp). Moreover, testing is confirmed in that the proposed algorithm can embed secret data efficiently with better visual quality.

Keywords: Steganography; Multi-level Steganography; Deep hiding/extraction; Least significant bit; High payload; high security.

60
Research Title: The Crime of Begging, a Comparative Study of the Jordanian, French, Belgian and German
Author: Moayd Husni Al-Kawaldah, Published Year: 2021
Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative lnquiry, 12,3
Faculty: Law

Abstract: The significant increase in the number of beggars is a dangerous indication of what the situation will be in the future, especially since most of them take begging as a profession or a craft and consider it a means of subsistence, and many of them have become an excellent way for criminals to achieve their goals by exploiting them in exchange for small sums. This applies to Jordan, France, Belgium and Germany. Therefore, there is a need to talk about this important topic. This research leads to many findings and recommendations, the most important of which is that most of the laws agreed to criminalize begging by stipulating it in the penal codes thereof. Each law has conditions for considering this act criminal. However, they vary in severity. The most severe punishment was in the Jordanian law, then comes the French law, then the Belgian law, and finally the German law. I hope the legislators in Jordan, France, Belgium and Germany will increase the punishment for beggars and those who use beggars to work in begging and I hope they will set up a special system for beggars that regulates all the matters related thereto, as this will give greater importance to this serious crime in society. I also hope that the Jordanian legislator will give the court and the competent judge, not the Minister of Social Development, the powers to release beggars, because the competent authority is fundamentally the judicial authority, not the executive authority.

Keywords: Begging,the homeless,packman