401
Research Title: The significance of using sustainable design along with interior design and its impact on users behavior in hospitality buildings
Author: Saif Mohammad Obeidat, Published Year: 2019
Faculty: Architecture and Design

Abstract: Introduction: Many studies in architecture and design have recently focused on increasing the use of foundations and elements of sustainability in the hospitality sector to form a large part of the effectiveness of commercial and tourism buildings to increase their attraction and reflect on increased sales. Users appreciate the performance of buildings in sustainable design hotels in their interior design and may be willing to pay higher prices for their services if sustainability is used as an attraction for their comfort, well-being, health and reflection on your health within those places. Research problem: Previous research lacks the importance of sustainable design in interior design and does not reflect the motives to be followed when applying the foundations and elements of interior design and the impact on users in built environments especially in hospitality buildings. Research Questions: What is the role of sustainable design in interior design in hospitality buildings? What are the conditions and criteria to be followed by the internal designer when using the foundations and elements of sustainable design in the hospitality premises? Does sustainable design affect customers’ behavior within the hospitality premises? Is this reflected in attracting customers to these places and increasing income? Research Objectives: The importance of this study is to search about the important use of sustainable design in interior design of the built environment and its impact on the user's behavior in terms of providing comfort and safety and well-being for the user for carrying out daily activities inside hospitality buildings. Research Methodology: The methodology used in the research is descriptive analysis, where questionnaires were distributed to a group of faculty members working at the university which include questions about the impact of internal design elements in their offices on behavior, productivity, and loyalty. Research Findings: Through study and research, it was found that: 1) The role of internal designers in the use of foundations and elements of sustainable design in the interior design of hospitality buildings to attract a wider customer base and gain competitive advantage in the market; The use of sustainable design in interior design because of it’s obvious impact on health, safety, comfort and well-being of users of these buildings, and their impact on their behavior; (3) the interior designer must use sustainable design in the interior design of hospitality buildings to increase efficiency (4) The role of the interior designer is to have the moral and social responsibility to contribute to the efficiency of the building through the adoption of sustainable design practices; (5) The interior designer takes into consideration the building requirements according to the wishes of the customers in accordance with the design 6) The role of interior designers is to harness the foundations and the sustainable design elements in line with the requirements of the building first and the customer's personal interest secondly with the design interest thirdly during the design process to better suit all the efficiency of the building in the end.

Keywords: Sustainable Design, Interior Design, Hospitality Buildings, Behavior.

402
Research Title: The Impact of interior design factors on workers and students behavior in healthcare centers in universities
Author: Saif Mohammad Obeidat, Published Year: 2018
Faculty: Architecture and Design

Abstract: Introduction: Interior design affects the behavior of individuals, whether they are employed or sick in health centers. Bad interior design of health centers may have a direct impact on comfort, well-being, health and safety, thus affecting on getting of the best treatment services by employees and reducing treatment speed in patients. It is important to know the components of the interior design in health centers. Research problem: The problem of research is the lack of previous studies that enable us to know the effect of interior design elements on individuals in health centers and their behavior when using the facilities of health centers in universities, and these factors affect the comfort and well-being, health, safety and speed of treatment of patients. Research Questions: The main question goes around employees and patients behavior. What is the role of interior design in comfort and well-being? What are the positive or negative outcomes depending on interior design? The Research Objectives: To provide a number of tips and design solutions for interior designers to study the elements of interior design significantly before starting the design process. The Research Methodology: Analytical research results, survey participation, and interviews were used. The results were analyzed in this research. Research Findings: Interior design also has a clear impact on the behavior of staff and students in health centers. Best interior design impact users behavior and makes them more comfortable and safe. Designers must take into account interior design to reach better place, which increases users loyalty, belonging. Also, Best interior design will impact on patients stay in healthcare centers and gives them the ability to be healed faster weather physically or psychologically.

Keywords: Interior design, healthcare design, special planning, furniture, colors, lighting, behavior, design and treatment, building performance and efficiency.

403
Research Title: The Impact of interior design factors (color, light, personal space) in offices and its impact on faculty members behavior, comfort, productivity, and loyalty in universities
Author: Saif Mohammad Obeidat, Published Year: 2017
Faculty: Architecture and Design

Abstract: إن الاهتمام بالتصميم الداخلي في المكاتب مهم كونه يؤثر على المستخدمين بصورة مباشرة أو غير مباشرة، فهو يؤثر فيهم ويتأثر بهم. ومن أهم عناصر التصميم الداخلي الواجب مراعاتها أثناء عملية تصميم مكاتب أعضاء الهيئة التدريسية في الجامعات هي: اللون المناسب والإضاءة المريحة والحيز الشخصي الذي يعمل ويتحرك به، فجميع هذه العناصر لها تأثير فعلي على سلوك وراحة ورفاهية وإنتاجية وولاء المدرس داخل الجامعة.

Keywords: المكاتب، المدرسين، الجامعات، التصميم الداخلي

404
Research Title: Designing for the Elderly: Comfort, Health and Well-Being
Author: Saif Mohammad Obeidat, Published Year: 2016
Faculty: Architecture and Design

Abstract: Designing elderly units is an essential component of interior design that provide functional and aesthetic qualities for the elderly in the built environment. A plethora of designs in the residence include design that is utilized to ccommodate the elderly through elements of physical and mental comfort. Due to a lack of available current research on a direct relationship of the effect of design on elderly behavior and design, this research paper addresses designing elderly residential units according to effects on elderly well-being. The purpose of this research is to address and support designing elderly units to affect elderly well-being; through the evaluation of journal articles that discuss the elderly’s well-being impacted by design. The question presented in this research his whether designing elderly residential units has an effect on elderly behavior, which eventually impacts the elderly feeling of well-being. The research methodology used a credible scholarly journal articles written between 1997 and 2011; and was reviewed keeping the relation of elderly behavior to the design of residential units in mind. Also, a design project for elderly care unit was developed upon findings from the review of literature. In the findings, while design may directly affect the elderly in a noticeable way, there is also evidence from research that indicates that elderly people are in fact influenced by design. When designing for elderly people; a variety of spaces, comfort, safety, and relaxation are important components of design that can aid in creating and preserving the well-being of the elderly. Designers need to produce design products, systems, and services that are usable to the elderly and people with disabilities in care units. The physical environment, when designed to be self-evident (easily understood and easy to get around in), can help compensate for the physical and mental losses of the elderly.

Keywords: Elderly; Interior design; Residential environments; Care Home Layout

405
Research Title: The Relation of Ergonomics and Classroom Environment Interior Design
Author: Saif Mohammad Obeidat, Published Year: 2016
Faculty: Architecture and Design

Abstract: Ergonomic is one of the areas that support ergonomics and deals with the human body measurements that refer to body size, strength, shape and work capacity. Appropriate use of anthropometry in design may improve the well-being, health, comfort and safety of students. The purpose of this research is to study and evaluate the anthropometric concepts and elements in classrooms relating to interior environment. The objective of this research is to address, support or nullify whether anthropometric affects human behavior in interior space design. The methodology used to write this research paper was through data collection from books and specific journals which studied ergonomic elements and concepts in different school applications. The anthropometric elements evaluated include user types or scales, comfort, performance, attention and productivity for students in classroom. The information provided by the references supports ideas about the relation of anthropometry and interior space design as presented in the form of text, as well as visual components such as graphs, diagrams and charts. In findings, anthropometry created through interior space design is essential for the physical and mental well-being of users and addresses the user scale, comfort, performance, attention and productivity. Anthropometric measurements are important in determining if furniture is comfortable for students. Designers should consider anthropometric dimensions correlated with the dimensions of classroom furniture and the effect on students’ musculoskeletal health. The furniture “best fit” the anthropometric dimensions of the students must provide comfort and high performance and human needs. A good fit between school furniture and the anthropometric measurements of students may result in an improved learning environment and increased comfort for students. It is important to provide students with school furniture that matches their physical needs to prevent potential posture health problems in the future.

Keywords: Ergonomic, Environment, design, interior design, comfort, safety, health

406
Research Title: The Relation of Residential Lighting and Occupants Behavior, Perception and Welfare
Author: Saif Mohammad Obeidat, Published Year: 2016
Faculty: Architecture and Design

Abstract: Lighting is an essential component of interior design that provides functional and aesthetic qualities for the users of the space. The impact of Lighting not only on the reduction but also to highlight the beauty of residential space according to function and distribution of selected spaces is of interest in this study. The purpose of this research is to generate a complete overview of residential lighting that demonstrates the relation of residential lighting and residents users’ perceptions. The question presented in this study addresses whether residential lighting has an effect on human behavior, which eventually impacts how the occupants feel comfort, safety, and relaxation. The methodology of conducting research from the prior research involves the thematic approach, in which credible scholarly journal articles written between 1996 and 2010 were reviewed with the relation of occupants’ behavior and residential lighting in mind. The objective of this paper is to explore-support, or nullify-whether lighting affects human behavior in residential environments through the evaluation of journal articles discussing occupant’s behavior, perceptions, and energy efficiency that is impacted by lighting. The findings suggest lighting design in residential environments is essential for the well-being of occupants. While lighting may not directly affect occupants in a noticeable way, evidence from research indicates that occupants are in fact influenced by lighting. Designers must determine occupants’ needs for light in every corner as appropriate to their specific family requirements, taking into account the activities that occur in every room of the house. Designing lighting should be accompanied by taking care of the designed environment, sensitive optical artistic inclinations, as well as the overall quality of lighting

Keywords: Residential Lighting Occupants Behavior; Perception interior design

407
Research Title: BEHAVIORAL RESPONSES TO FURNITURE LAYOUT/ARRANGEMENT IN A LIBRARY STUDY ENVIRONMENT
Author: Saif Mohammad Obeidat, Published Year: 2016
Faculty: Architecture and Design

Abstract: Problem: Few studies were considered the role of furniture layout/arrangement design within study library environments through experiments conducted on students’ behavioral responses. Purpose: The purpose of this research is to explore the behavioral responses in a study library environment and determine how designing the interior furniture impacting on users’ activities. Hypotheses: Furniture layout/arrangement within the study library environment can indirectly impact students’ behavior positively or negatively. Question: What are the behavioral responses to furniture layout/arrangements in a study library environment? And how these responses will affect students’ behavior during study? Methodology: Research methods for observation included observation without interaction, timed observations, partner comparisons and studies, drawing and sketches, photographs, and field note taking. Data was analyzed from the observation sketches and photographs for consistency and validity with two observers’ note taking. A descriptive statistics method was made to analyzing data in this study. Findings: Study environments need to provide a variety of stimulation, be flexible to the activity being performed, and provide appropriate furniture design (i.e., layout/arrangement) in such environments. Topics studied were including: proximity, clustering, interactions, territoriality, patterns (movement, behavior, etc.), and time all together affecting duration of stay, movement, and circulation. While, students performing the study task in the appropriate furniture layout/arrangement in a study library environment performed better than those performing the study task in the random furniture design in same environments.

Keywords: Ergonomics, Behavior, Response, Library, Study, Environment, Furniture, and Layout/Arrangement.

408
Research Title: Prevalence of Obesity and Perceptions of Body Weight among University Students: Evidence from Jordan
Author: Hani Jameel Mohammad Hamad, Published Year: 2017
Journal of Health, Medicine and Nursing, 34:37-39
Faculty: Allied Medical Sciences

Abstract: This study was conducted to investigate the effect of measure the prevalence of obesity among university population in Jordan University of Science and Technology (JUST) University, Northern Jordan. A crosssectional survey of (370) university male students were recruited from different majors and academic years. They were asked to answer questions concerning ; perception of their body weight and weight changes after leaving home; Participants’ desire to reduce their body weight; the reasons that drive this desire and means used for weight reduction. Weights, heights and body mass index (BMI) were measured. The prevalence of the BMI categories in the sample were: 50% of the study sample is overweight making up the majority, participants with a normal BMI are 28%, 11.1% are underweight and 11% of participants suffer from obesity. Regarding to the participants’ perception of their body weight and weight changes, the study results showed that 74.8% of the students in the study sample are in the normal or overweight categories, 22% are underweight and 3% are obese. The extent of weight change due to living away from home was also reported, where 50% confirmed a slight loss in their weight, 5% had a significant increase and 12% experienced no changes in their body weight. 67% of the total participants had a desire to lose weight where the rest of the 33% had no desire to lose weight. In conclusion, overweight and obesity do exist in the university students and this maybe a reflection of the lifestyle; dietary habits and pattern of living in university. Further research is needed to investigate the dietary habits and lifestyle behaviors of the university students.

Keywords: Obesity, Overweight, Perceptions of body weight, University students, JUST University, Jordan

409
Research Title: Characterization of staphylococci sampled from diabetic foot ulcer of Jordanian patients
Author: Ghadeer Abdel Razzaq Othman, Published Year: 2021
Journal of Applied Microbiology, 131
Faculty: Allied Medical Sciences

Abstract: Aims The aim of this study was to isolate and characterize staphylococcal isolates from diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) in Jordanian patients. Methods and Results Selected aerobic pathogens recovered from DFU specimens and patients' nares with a focus on staphylococci were investigated. Antimicrobial susceptibilities and the prevalence of methicillin‐resistant staphylococci (MRS) were determined. SCCmec types and toxigenic characteristics were analysed and spa typing was performed for methicillin‐resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates. The relationship between toxigenic characteristics of MRSA and the Wagner ulcer grading system was statistically analysed. A total number of 87 DFU patients were recruited for the study. The DFU cultures were polymicrobial. Members of the genus Staphylococcus were the most common among DFU‐associated isolates found in 48·3% (n = 42) of all patients …

Keywords: staphylococcus, MRSA, diabetic foot, Jordan

410
Research Title: Nutritional, functional and microbiological characteristics of Jordanian fermented green Nabali Baladi olives
Author: Ghadeer Abdel Razzaq Othman, Published Year: 2021
Grasas y Aceites, 72
Faculty: Allied Medical Sciences

Abstract: The quality characteristics of green olives produced by the traditional spontaneous fermentation method in Jordan have never been studied. We investigated the nutritional, functional, and microbiological characteristics of Jordanian fermented green Nabali Baladi olives (GNBFO). Proximate composition, fatty acids, and total polyphenols were determined by standard protocols. Cultivable microflora was monitored over 3 months of fermentation. Isolated microorganisms were identified by molecular sequencing and in vitro probiotic traits were tested. GNBFO contained fiber (3g⁄ 100g), total polyphenols (306mg⁄ 100g), oil (19.3 g⁄ 100g), and oleic acid (70%). Yeast strains (Candida diddensiae and Candida naeodendra) were predominant and showed acid (pH= 2.5) and bile salt (0.1% and 0.3%) resistant and high adhesion ability (ca∼ 107CFU/ml) to intestinal cell lines; they were positive to catalase and negative to lipase and none possessed antimicrobial activity against selected pathogens. Lactic acid bacteria were not detected. In conclusion, the GNBFO have promising functional characteristics as they contain valuable nutrients, antioxidants, and yeast strains with potential probiotic traits.

Keywords: olive, fermented olive, Jordan, functional food