291
Research Title: Nano-carrier based drug delivery systems for sustained antimicrobial agent release from orthopaedic cementous material
Author: Yazan Mohammad Mashour Al-Thaher, Published Year: 2017
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, 249
Faculty: Pharmacy

Abstract: Total joint replacement (TJR), such as hip and knee replacement, is a popular procedure worldwide. Prosthetic joint infections (PJI) after this procedure have been widely reported, where treatment of such infections is complex with high cost and prolonged hospital stay. In cemented arthroplasties, the use of antibiotic loaded bone cement (ALBC) is a standard practice for the prophylaxis and treatment of PJI. Recently, the development of bacterial resistance by pathogenic microorganisms against most commonly used antibiotics increased the interest in alternative approaches for antimicrobial delivery systems such as nanotechnology. This review summarizes the efforts made to improve the antimicrobial properties of PMMA bone cements using nanotechnology based antibiotic and non-antibiotic delivery systems to overcome drawbacks of ALBC in the prophylaxis and treatment of PJIs after hip and knee replacement.

Keywords: PMMA,Nanotechnology, Bone cement, Nanoparticles,Antimicrobial,TJR,PJI

292
Research Title: السؤال البرلماني في دستور المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية لسنة ١٩٥٢ وتعديلاته
Author: Moayd Husni Al-Kawaldah, Published Year: 2021
مجلة العلوم الإسلامية للدراسات الشرعية والقانونية , المجلد ٢٩ العدد ١
Faculty: Law

Abstract: تتطرق هذه الدراسة إلى السؤال البرلماني من حيث شروطه وإجراءاته ومدى فاعليته في العمل الرقابي من أَعضاء مجلس النواب في الأردن, والإشكالية في مدى كفاية التنظيم التشريعي الأردني وأثر ذلك في تحقيق الإصلاح الحكومي, وأُتْبِعَ المنهج الوصفي والتحليلي بوصف نصوص الدستور الأردني لسنة 2591 وتحليلها وما طرأ عليه من تعديلات وأثرها في آليات ووسائل الرقابة البرلمانية، وكذلك نصوص الأنظمة الداخلية وأحكامها لكل من مجلسي النواب والأعيان, وقُس ِمَ هذا البحث إلى مبحثين؛ المبحث الأول: ماهية السؤال البرلماني والمبحث الثاني: الآثار المترتبة على توجيه السؤال البرلماني, وأهم النتائج والتوصيات؛ فالنتائج أنه بموجب نص المادة )221 /أ( من النظام الداخلي لمجلس النواب، أَنه عند رد الوزير المختص على السؤال المقدم من عضو البرلمان وعرضه عليه، يعلن النائب السائل اكتفاءه بالرد حيث يغلق عندها بحث الموضوع - أَو أَ ن يُ بدي العضو رغبته بالكلام - إِذْ يُعطى له وحده حق ُ الر َدِ على الوزير وبإيجاز، أما التوصيات فأتمنى تعديل النص السابق وإشراك جميع النواب في المناقشة؛ لأَن َ النائب لا يمثل نفسه، بل يمثل الشعب الذي انتخبه

Keywords: السؤال البرلماني، الرقابة البرلمانية، التشريع الاردني

293
Research Title: Antibiotics use and appropriateness in two Jordanian children hospitals a point prevalence study
Author: Asma Ahmad El-Shara, Published Year: 2020
Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research, Vol XX, 1–7
Faculty: Pharmacy

Abstract: Abstract Background Although inappropriate antibiotics prescribing in hospitals is a key factor in accelerating antibiotic resistance, inadequate data are available about antibiotics prescribing rate and appropriateness. Our study aimed to measure antibiotics prescribing rate, indications, appropriateness and predictors. Methods The study was conducted in two public children hospitals (five wards) in Jordan using one-week point prevalence survey to prospectively collect the data. Appropriateness of antibiotics therapy was assessed by a multidisciplinary committee and predictors of inappropriate prescribing were studied through multivariate logistic regression. Key findings The overall antibiotics prescribing rate was 75.6% (n = 501/663), where the highest rate of antibiotics prescribing was in the Pediatrics ward (82.2%, n = 222/270). However, the lowest rate was in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (30.0%, 9/30). The most common antibiotics classes prescribed were: Beta-lactams (57.5%, n = 492/855). The most common underlying condition for antibiotics prescribing was upper respiratory tract infections (25.5%, n = 128/501) followed by pneumonia (20.6%, n = 103/501). Around half of antibiotics were prescribed upon appropriate decision (49.5%, n = 423/855). However, 22.0% (n = 188/855) of antibiotics were wrongly chosen, and 9.5% (n = 81/855) were wrongly applied. Initially inappropriate decision for prescription occurred in 15.3% (n = 131/855) of antibiotics. Ceftriaxone (OR 3.1; 95% CI 2.6–4.1; P = 0.03) and patients with ≥3 medication orders (OR 2.6; 95% CI 1.7–3.5; P = 0.001) significantly predicted inappropriate antibiotics prescribing. Conclusions The incidence of antibiotics prescribing in Jordanian children hospitals was high compared to other countries. Further multi-centric studies are required to enhance the generalisability of results and better develop effective and efficient antibiotic stewardship programmes.

Keywords: Health services research; antibiotic appopriatness; pediatric setting; Jordan

294
Research Title: IoT Based Remote Laboratory for Solar Energy Experiments: Design and Implementation
Author: Kasim Mousa Al-Aubidy, Published Year: 2021
18th IEEE Intr. Multi-Conf. on Systems, Signals, Devices (SSD21) , Tunisia
Faculty: Engineering and Technology

Abstract: Remote laboratories offer real experiences that students deal with over the Internet using computers or smartphones. This paper presents a technical method for connecting real devices in a laboratory so that students can access them over the Internet to conduct real experiments on devices in the lab from anywhere, anytime. The proposed remote lab includes a set of experiments, and each experiment has a set of devices. Each experiment is designed in a way that allows the learner to select a certain experiment and study the functions of each device to achieve its objective. By using the remote laboratory, students will be able to study the basic characteristics of each component used in the experiment and measure several parameters in order to acquire the necessary skills they need. This paper presents the hardware and software design of a remote solar lab and the results obtained from laboratory experiments conducted online. The next step is to implement the proposed system in the Solar Energy Laboratory at the Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Philadelphia University, Jordan. Remote laboratory, IoT, Embedded systems, E-learning, Blended learning.

Keywords: Remote laboratory, IoT, Embedded systems, E-learning, Blended learning.

295
Research Title: Intelligent Scheduling of Mobile Robots in Flexible Manufacturing Systems
Author: Kasim Mousa Al-Aubidy, Published Year: 2020
17th IEEE Intr. Multi-Conf. on Systems, Signals, Devices (SSD20), Tunisia
Faculty: Engineering and Technology

Abstract: The main objective of this research work is to design and evaluate real time intelligent scheduling algorithms for flexible manufacturing systems. The proposed system has set of programmable CNC machines, load and unload stations, group of mobile robots for material handling, and robot charging station. Each machine, station and robot is considered as a node in a wireless sensor network. Information between FMS units are transferred through a wireless sensor network and used by the main controller. Intelligent algorithms are required to manage and control the FMS environment for tasks scheduling and robot routing. Several simulated case studies will be considered to test and verify the flexibility of the system and the capability of the proposed algorithms to use effectively available machines and mobile robots. Encouraging results are achieved when the performance of the proposed scheduling algorithms is compared with others obtained from similar systems in published literature.

Keywords: Flexible manufacturing systems, Multi-robot scheduling, Intelligent scheduling, Wireless sensor networks, Fuzzy logic.

296
Research Title: Design and Construction of a Low Cost Portable Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Ventilator Device
Author: Kasim Mousa Al-Aubidy, Published Year: 2020
17th IEEE Intr. Multi-Conf. on Systems, Signals, Devices (SSD20), , Tunisia
Faculty: Engineering and Technology

Abstract: Recently, after the global spread of the new coronavirus (known as COVID-19), the demand for large numbers of ventilators and CPRs has increased in hospitals and health centers. In fact, providing a large number of these devices is difficult, in addition to their high cost and providing a suitable place for them. Therefore, there is an urgent need to use the concepts of reverse engineering in the design and manufacture of low-cost portable devices for use by patients on site. This paper presents an attempt to apply the concepts of reverse engineering to the design and construction of a low-cost portable cardiopulmonary resuscitation and ventilator device. This device can be used in ambulances, health centers, or hard-to-reach remote places. The main parameters of the implemented device can be adjusted directly by the operator or remotely by a specialist. The device is considered as a node in the wireless sensor network that can be accessed by a specialist to update the parameters according to the patient's condition.

Keywords: Mechanical ventilation, Bag volume mask, Low-cost ventilator, Portable ventilator, CPR, Real-time monitoring.

297
Research Title: Design and Evaluation of a MIMO ANFIS using MATLAB and V-REP
Author: Kasim Mousa Al-Aubidy, Published Year: 2020
8th International Conference on Recent Trends in Communication and Computer Networks (ComNet 2020). , Chennai, India.
Faculty: Engineering and Technology

Abstract: Employing software computing tools, such as fuzzy logic, neural networks and genetic algorithms, encouraged researchers to design intelligent systems that mimic human behavior. The Adaptive Fuzzy Nervous System (ANFIS) is one of the most useful hybrid technologies for designing intelligent control algorithms. Designing a Multiple-Input, Multiple-Output (MIMO) ANFIS algorithm, is not an easy task for those with limited programming experience. This paper presents a simple way to design MATLAB-based MIMO ANFIS controllers for two mechatronics plants; a two-wheeled mobile robot and a 6DOF KUKA robotic arm. The 3D simulation software (V-REP) has been interfaced directly with the MATLAB Simulink to test the proposed controller. The generated 3D simulation environment given in this paper will help researchers to easily design and test of MIMO ANFIS algorithms. The obtained results demonstrate the performance of the mobile robot and ability of the implemented ANFIS controller to deal with input commands, obstacle avoidances in the working environment.

Keywords: MIMO ANFIS, V-REP, Obstacle avoidance Control, MATLAB, Simulink, 3D simulation, Real-time Control, ANFIS.

298
Research Title: Wheelchair Neuro Fuzzy Control and Tracking System based on Voice Recognition
Author: Kasim Mousa Al-Aubidy, Published Year: 2020
Sensors, 20
Faculty: Engineering and Technology

Abstract: Autonomous wheelchairs are important tools to enhance the mobility of people with disabilities. Advances in computer and wireless communication technologies have contributed to the provision of smart wheelchairs to suit the needs of the disabled person. This research paper presents the design and implementation of a voice controlled electric wheelchair. This design is based on voice recognition algorithms to classify the required commands to drive the wheelchair. An adaptive neuro-fuzzy controller has been used to generate the required real-time control signals for actuating motors of the wheelchair. This controller depends on real data received from obstacle avoidance sensors and voice recognition classifier. The wheelchair is considered as a node in a wireless sensor network in order to track the position of the wheelchair and also for supervisory control. The simulated and running experiments demonstrate that by combining the concepts of soft-computing and mechatronics, the implemented wheelchair has become more sophisticated and gives people more mobility.

Keywords: Wheelchair control; Voice recognition; Autonomous wheelchair; Real-time Control; ANFIS; Mechatronics

299
Research Title: IoT-Based Real-Time Monitoring System for Epidemic Diseases Patients: Design and Evaluation
Author: Kasim Mousa Al-Aubidy, Published Year: 2021
International Journal of Online and Biomedical Engineering (iJOE), 17
Faculty: Engineering and Technology

Abstract: Epidemic diseases patients need constant monitoring of their health, whether in the hospital or at home, and this requires great costs. The employment of information and communication technologies and artificial intelligence concepts helps reduce these costs. This paper introduces a real-time monitoring system for monitoring pneumonia patients that will allow doctors to monitor the health of their patients remotely through smartphones or internet-connected devices. To verify the proper functioning of this system, a real-time monitoring device was developed and tested. A secure mechanism is designed to establish a wireless connection to the monitoring unit.

Keywords: Healthcare; Epidemic diseases patients; Pneumonia patients; Real-time patient monitoring.

300
Research Title: Characterization of Insulin Mucoadhesive Buccal Films: Spectroscopic Analysis and In Vivo Evaluation
Author: Randa Shehda Mansour, Published Year: 2021
Symmetry, 13
Faculty: Pharmacy

Abstract: Insulin mucoadhesive buccal films (MBF) are a noninvasive insulin delivery system that offers an advantageous alternative route of administration to subcutaneous injection. One major concern in the formulation of insulin MBF is the preservation of an insulin secondary structure in the presence of the other film components. Buccal films were formulated using chitosan, glycerin, and L-arginine. The MBF-forming solutions (MBF-FS) and the films (MBF) were examined for their chemical and structural stability and for their in vivo activity. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) of the insulin-loaded MBF showed that each individualized unit dose was at least loaded with 80% of the insulin theoretical dose. Results of Synchrotron Radiation Circular Dichroism (SRCD) measurements revealed that MBF-FS retained the -helices and –sheets conformations of insulin. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR)-microspectroscopy (FTIR-MS) examination of insulin MBF revealed the protective action of L-arginine on insulin structure by interacting with chitosan and minimizing the formation of an unordered structure and -strand. A blood glucose-lowering effect of insulin MBF was observed in comparison with subcutaneous (S.C) injection using a rat model. As a result; chitosan-based MBFs were formulated and characterized using SRCD and FTIR-MS techniques. Furthermore, the results of in vivo testing suggested the MBFs as a promising delivery system for insulin.

Keywords: insulin; chitosan; mucoadhesive; buccal films; synchrotron radiation circular dichroism;FTIR-microspectroscopy; in vivo